In discussions of postcolonial nationhood and cultural identity, Taiwan is often overlooked. Yet the island-with its complex history of colonization-presents a particularly fascinating case of the struggle to define a "nation." While the mainland Chinese government has been unequivocal in its resistance to Taiwanese independence, in Taiwan, government control has gradually passed from mainland Chinese immigrants to the Taiwanese themselves. Two decades of democratization and the arrival of consumer culture have made the island a truly global space. Envisioning Taiwan sorts through these complexities, skillfully weaving together history and cultural analysis to give a picture of Taiwanese identity and a lesson on the usefulness and the limits of contemporary cultural theory.Yip traces a distinctly Taiwanese sense of self vis-a-vis China, Japan, and the West through two of the island's most important cultural movements: the hsiang-t'u (or "nativist") literature of the 1960s and 1970s, and the Taiwanese New Cinema of the 1980s and 1990s. At the heart of the book are close readings of the work of the hsiang-t'u writer Hwang Chun-ming and the New Cinema filmmaker Hou Hsiao-hsien. Key figures in Taiwan's assertion of a national identity separate and distinct from China, both artists portray in vibrant detail daily life on the island. Through Hwang's and Hou's work and their respective artistic movements, Yip explores "the imagining of a nation" on the local, national, and global levels. In the process, she exposes a perceptible shift away from traditional models of cultural authenticity toward a more fluid, postmodern hybridity-an evolution that reflects both Taiwan's peculiar multicultural reality and broader trends in global culture.
June Yip is an independent scholar living in Los Angeles. She has a Ph.D. in Comparative Literature from Princeton University and an M.A. in Cinema Studies from the University of California, Los Angeles, where she has taught Chinese film.
Acknowledgments ix Introduction: Envisioning Taiwan in a Changing World 1 1. Confronting the Other, Defining a Self: Hsiang-t'u Literature and the Emergence of a Taiwanese Nationalism 12 2. Toward the Postmodern: Taiwanese New Cinema and Alternative Visions of Nation 49 3. Remembering and Forgetting, Part I: History, Memory, and the Autobiographical Impulse 69 4. Remembering and Forgetting, Part II: Hou Hsiao-hsien's Taiwan Trilogy 85 5. Language and Nationhood: Culture as Social Contestation 131 6. The Country and the City: Modernization and Changing Apprehensions of Space and Time 181 7. Exile, Displacement, and Shifting Identities: Globalization and the Frontiers of Cultural Hybridity 211 Conclusion: From Nation to Dissemi-Nation: Postmodern Hybridization and Changing Conditions for the Representation of Identity 230 Notes 249 Bibliography 325 Index 345