How can an escalation of conflict lead to negotiation? In this systematic study, Zartman and Faure bring together European and American scholars to examine this important topic and to define the point where the concepts and practices of escalation and negotiation meet. Political scientists, sociologists, social psychologists, and war-making and peace-making strategists, among others, examine the various forms escalation can take and relate them to conceptual advances in the analysis of negotiation. They argue that structures, crises, turning points, demands, readiness and ripeness can often define the conditions where the two concepts can meet and the authors take this opportunity to offer lessons for theory and practice. By relating negotiation to conflict escalation, two processes that have traditionally been studied separately, this book fills a significant gap in the existing knowledge and is directly relevant to the many ongoing conflicts and conflict patterns in the world today.
I. William Zartman is the Jacob Blaustein Distinguished Professor of International Organization and Conflict Resolution and Director of the Conflict Management Program, The Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, at The John Hopkins University. He is the editor and author of almost 50 books. Guy Olivier Faure is Professor of Sociology at the Sorbonne University, Paris V, Department of Social Sciences. He has authored, co-authored and edited a dozen books and over 50 articles; his works have been published in 12 different languages.
Part I. Introduction: 1. The dynamics of escalation and negotiation I. William Zartman and Guy Olivier Faure; Part II. Escalation Forms and Outcomes: 2. Deadlocks in negotiation dynamics Guy Olivier Faure; 3. Deterrence, escalation, and negotiation Patrick M. Morgan; 4. Quantitative models for armament escalation and negotiations Rudolf Avenhaus, Juergen Beetz, and D. Marc Kilgour; 5. Entrapment in international negotiation Paul W. Meerts; 6. The role of vengeance in conflict escalation Sung Hee Kim; Part III. Negotiating out of Escalation: 7. Structures of escalation and negotiation I. William Zartman; 8. Conflict escalation and negotiation: a turning-points analysis Daniel Druckman; 9. Escalation, negotiation, and crisis type Lisa J. Carlson; 10. Escalation in negotiation: analysis of some simple game models D. Marc Kilgour; 11. Escalation, readiness for negotiation, and third-party functions Dean G. Pruitt; 12. Enhancing ripeness: transition from conflict to negotiation Karin Aggestam; Part IV. Conclusion: 13. Lessons for research I. William Zartman and Guy Olivier Faure; 14. Strategies for action Guy Olivier Faure and I. William Zartman.