With the rise of Nazism in the 1930s more than a thousand European Jews sought refuge in the Philippines, joining the small Jewish population of Manila. When the Japanese invaded the islands in 1941, the peaceful existence of the barely settled Jews filled with the kinds of uncertainties and oppression they thought they had left behind. In this book Frank Ephraim, who fled to Manila with his parents, gathers the testimonies of thirty-six refugees, who describe the difficult journey to Manila, the lives they built there upon their arrival, and the events surrounding the Japanese invasion. Combining these accounts with historical and archival records, Manila newspapers, and U.S. government documents, Ephraim constructs a detailed account of this little-known chapter of world history.
Frank Ephraim was born in Berlin in 1931 and fled to the Philippines with his parents in 1939. In 1946 he emigrated to the United States. After a career in naval architecture, he served as the director of program evaluation for the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation.
Foreword by Stanley Karnow; Acknowledgments; Prologue 1. Destination: The Philippines; 2. Unexpected Arrivals; 3. The First Wave of Refugees; 4. Manila Hears about Kristallnacht; 5. Mindanao: A Plan for Jewish Settlement; 6. Establishing a Life; 7. What Does the Future Hold for Us?; 8. Carving Out a Niche; 9. War; 10. Occupation; 11. Can We Hold Out?; 12. The Final Months of Occupation; 13. The Battle; 14. Reestablishing the Community; 15. Leaving the Philippines Notes; Index; Illustrations