This book is a contribution to the emergent history of youth and community work. It aims to introduce contemporary practitioners to the richness of the knowledge gained within past practice in a profession which can date its origins to the beginnings of industrialisation. For over two hundred years youth and community workers have used methods which continue to be recognisable and distinct and leading practitioners have exercised considerable influence upon the social and organisational policies which helped shape welfare structures in Europe and the USA. This history has important lessons to reveal in terms of current policy initiatives and the relationship between practice and policy-making. Loss of historical memory has condemned successive generations of youth and community workers to continuously recreate theory and practice without the advantage of learning from previous successes and failures. The contributors to this book draw out some of the lessons of the past in the hope that these can inform present practice.
This makes an important contribution to the maintenance of the distinctive professional identity of youth and community work, helping to restore it to its place alongside the related welfare professions of social work and teaching.
Ruth Gilchrist is Education, Training and Development Officer at UK Youth and member of the Editorial Board of the journal Youth and Policy. Tony Jeffs and Jean Spence teach in the Department of Applied Social Sciences, Durham University and are members of the Editorial Board of the journal Youth and Policy. Joyce A. Walker teaches at Center for 4-H and Community Youth Development, University of Minnesota.
Preface Why history Mark K. Smith 'The playground of today is the republic of tomorrow': social reform and organised recreation, 1890-1930s Linnea M. Anderson From knowledge of the world to knowledge of self, perspectives on the professional training of youth leaders, 1942 -1948 Simon Bradford Chartism, education and community Barry Burke The transition from girls clubs to girls clubs and mixed clubs: UK youth, 1934 -1944 Michael Butterfield and Jean Spence 'Why did they take that game away from us?' The rise and fall of girls' basketball in U.S. Dan Conrad Cardijn versus Baden-Powell: The methodical turn in youth work history Filip Cousse The rise and fall of community and youth work courses at Westhill College John Holmes Starting out: origins of Newcastle YMCA. Tony Jeffs Familiar rooms in foreign fields: placing the 'BB Atmosphere' in The Boys' Brigade's Recreation Hut, Rouen, France, 1915 - 1919 Richard G. Kyle T. R. Batten's life and work George Lovell Long walk from the door: a history of work with girls and young women in Northern Ireland from 1969 Susan Morgan and Eliz McArdle The counter-cultural revolution and the Oz school kids issue: the establishment versus the underground press Keith Popple Withywood youth club Sue Robertson Club, class and clothes: the origins of scouting in Sunderland Jean Spence 'Forgotten corners': a reflection on radical youth work in Britain, 1940 - 1990 Tania de St Croix Youth work and class: The struggle that dare not speak its name Tony Taylor The origins and development of the National Youth Agency Tom Wylie