John R. Thelin's A History of American Higher Education has become a standard in higher education studies. Designed to be used alongside this groundbreaking book or on its own, Essential Documents in the History of American Higher Education presents primary sources that chart the social, intellectual, political, and cultural history of American colleges and universities from the seventeenth century to the present. Documents are organized in sections that parallel the chapters in the first book both chronologically and thematically. Thelin introduces sections with brief headnotes establishing the context for each source.
In addition to such landmark documents as the charter for the College of Rhode Island (1764), the Morrill Land Grand Act (1862), the GI Bill (1944), and the Knight Commission Report on College Sports (2010), Thelin includes lively firsthand accounts by students and teachers that tell what it was like to be a Harvard student in the 1700s, to participate in the campus riots of the 1960s, to be a female college athlete in the 1970s, or to enroll at UCLA as a economically disadvantaged Latina in the 1990s.
Thelin also includes pieces by popular writers such as Robert Benchley and James Thurber on their own college days, as well as an excerpt from Groucho Marx's screwball film Horse Feathers that help illustrate how ingrained college life has become in American pop culture.
Reflecting the richness of three centuries of American higher education, this complex and nuanced collection will be an essential resource for students of the history of education.
John R. Thelin is University Research Professor and a member of the Educational Policy Studies Department at the University of Kentucky. His many books include A History of American Higher Education and Games Colleges Play: Scandal and Reform in Intercollegiate Athletics, both published by Johns Hopkins.
AcknowledgmentsIntroduction: Documents and Higher Education's Heritage1. Colleges in the Colonial Era1.1. Town and Gown: Anthony Wood's "Riot at Oxford"1.2. A College Charter in the Colonial Era: The College of Rhode Island (1764)1.3. A College's Laws and Code of Conduct (1783)1.4. Finances of the Colonial Colleges2. Creating the "American Way" in Higher Education: College Building, 1785 to 18602.1. A Charter for a New State University: The University of GeorgiaCharter (1785)2.2. Founding State Universities: The Great Bicentennial Debate, 1785 to19852.3. Philanthropy and Student Financial Aid: The American Education Society (1815)2.4. Higher Education for Women: Charter for Mount-Holyoke Female Seminary (1836)2.5. College Presidents and Their Students: Thomas R. Dew's Address before the Students of the College of William and Mary (1836)3. Diversity and Adversity: Resilience in American Higher Education, 1860 to 18903.1. Federal Land Grant Legislation: The Morrill Act of 18623.2. Student Memoir: Lyman C. Bagg's Four Years at Yale (1871)3.3. Federal Land Grant Legislation: The Second Morrill Act of 18903.4. Stephen J. Wright on the Historical Background and Future Prospects of Black Colleges and Universities (1987)3.5. College Admissions and Student Consumerism: "The Oldest and Cheapest College in the South" (1892)4. Captains of Industry and Erudition: University Builders, 1880 to 19104.1. Edwin Slosson on Great American Universities in 19104.2. Reforming Medical Education: Abraham Flexner's 1910 Report for the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching4.3. A College Professor's Wife (1905)4.4. Jesse Brundage Sears's Report on Endowed Universities (1922)5. Alma Mater: America Goes to College, 1890 to 19205.1. Student Memoir: Robert Benchley's "What College Did to Me" (1927)5.2. The Popular Press and Women's Colleges: Smith College in 18975.3. Student Memoir: James Thurber's "University Days" (1933)5.4. Real Estate Promotion and Colleges: "A College among the Orange Groves" (1920)5.5. College Sports Reform: Howard J. Savage's 1929 Report for the CarnegieFoundation for the Advancement of Teaching6. Success and Excess: Expansion and Reforms in Higher Education, 1920 to 19456.1. Hollywood and Higher Education: The Marx Brothers Go to College (1932)6.2. Student Memoir: John Kenneth Galbraith on Graduate School at Berkeley in the 1930s (1968)6.3. Federal Student Financial Aid: The GI Bill of 19446.4. The Federal Government and Sponsored Research: Vannevar Bush's 1945 Report, Science: The Endless Frontier6.5. Higher Education for American Democracy: The 1947 Truman Commission Report7. Gilt by Association: Higher Education's "Golden Age," 1945 to 19707.1. Coeducation and Student Life: Rules and Regulations for Women in Higher Education in 1955-567.2. The 1960 California Master Plan for Postsecondary Education7.3. Racial Desegregation at State Universities: Commemorative Plaque at the University of Mississippi7.4. Student Memoir: Jackie Jensen as the "Student-Athlete" following World War II (1970)7.5. Campus Unrest and Student Protest: Mario Savio's "Put Your Bodies upon the Gears" Speech at Sproul Plaza, University of California, Berkeley (1964)7.6. Student Memoir: Steven Kelman on Political Activism at Harvard from1966 to 1970 (1982)8. Coming of Age in America: Higher Education as a Troubled Giant, 1970 to 20008.1. The Campus Condition: The 1971 Newman Report on Higher Education8.2. Federal Student Financial Aid: Basic Educational Opportunity Grants Program (Pell Grants) from the 1972 Reauthorization of the Higher Education Act of 19658.3. Missions and Functions of Community Colleges: The 1981 Report of the California Postsecondary Education Commission8.4. The Changing Profile of College Students in the 1980s8.5. Student Memoir: Rosa Maria Pegueros, "Todos Vuelven: From Potrero Hill to UCLA" (1995)8.6. College Sports Reform: The 1991 Knight Commission Report9. A New Life Begins? Reconfiguring Higher Education in the Twenty-First Century9.1. College Spending in a Turbulent Decade: Findings from the Delta Cost Project, 2000-20109.2. Curriculum and the Culture of a Campus: A Clash between Students and the President at the University of Chicago (1999)9.3. Faculty Memoir: A Conversation with Professor Laura Nader (2000)9.4. College Sports Reform: The Problems of Presidents and Rising Expenses in the Knight Commission Report of 20109.5. European Expansion of Higher Education: The Bologna Process (1999)9.6. Higher Education: A New Life BeginsCreditsIndex