A comprehensive approach to accurate ADHD diagnosis
In Essentials of ADHD Assessment in Children and Adolescents, the authors provide a clear and informative road map for practitioners seeking to conduct state-of-the-art assessments for one of the most common disorders of childhood. Drawing upon years of experience in conducting diagnostic evaluations of ADHD following best-practice standards, they emphasize the importance of a comprehensive evaluation, incorporating data from multiple sources, using multiple methods, and interpreting findings within the appropriate developmental and cultural contexts. The major components of an ADHD evaluation (interviews, rating scales, cognitive testing, observation, record review) are reviewed in detail.
Expert guidance is provided for resolving the most common challenges in assessing ADHD, including differentiating symptoms from normal development, dealing with discrepant data, differential diagnosis, and considering comorbidity. The latest scholarly literature is integrated with the authors' practical recommendations to provide clinicians with the concepts and tools needed for effective and accurate assessment of ADHD, addressing such topics as:
When inattention is ADHD, and when it may be emotional or neurological
Which disorders may masquerade as or present with ADHD
The elements of accurate ADHD testing and the reasons behind them
Integrating results of a multi-modal approach into an ADHD assessment
An indispensable professional resource for practicing clinicians, Essentials of ADHD Assessment for Children and Adolescents is a reader-friendly guide to providing a thorough, responsible ADHD evaluation.
ELIZABETH P. SPARROW, PhD, is a pediatric neuropsychologist in Raleigh, North Carolina, with expertise in diagnosis and treatment planning for ADHD in children, adolescents, and young adults. Dr. Sparrow wrote the Essentials of Conners Behavior Assessments, co-authored the Guide to Assessment Scales in ADHD, Second Edition, and co-edited Executive Function and Dysfunction: Identification, Assessment, and Treatment. DREW ERHARDT, PhD, is a clinical psychologist and professor in the Graduate School of Education and Psychology at Pepperdine University. In addition to writing numerous journal articles and chapters on the nature, assessment, and treatment of ADHD, Dr. Erhardt co-authored the Conners Adult ADHD Rating Scale and served on the editorial board of the Journal of Attention Disorders.
Foreword xi Series Preface xiii Preface xv Acknowledgments xix One Understanding ADHD 1 Historical Perspective 2 Overarching Principles 8 Core Features 11 Associated Features and Comorbidity 14 Etiology 20 Epidemiology 25 Summary 30 Test Yourself 30 References 32 Two What the DSM-5 Says About ADHD 45 Organization of the DSM-5 46 DSM-5 Criteria for ADHD 49 How Do I Know if It Is DSM-5 ADHD? 64 Summary 64 Test Yourself 65 References 67 Three Assessing ADHD: Goals and Guiding Principles 69 Goals 70 Guiding Principles 78 Summary 99 Test Yourself 100 References 102 Four Components of ADHD Assessment 107 Sequence of Evaluation Components 109 Record Review 111 Interview 113 Clinical Observation 125 Rating Scales 128 Cognitive Testing 133 Summary 148 Test Yourself 149 References 150 Five Putting It All Together: Integrating Findings and Drawing Conclusions 154 Clinical Application of the DSM-5 Criteria for ADHD 155 Differential Diagnosis and Comorbidity 163 Dealing with Discrepant Data 179 Beyond Diagnosis 183 Summary 186 Test Yourself 187 References 189 Six Illustrative Case Reports 191 Psychological Evaluation 194 ADHD Evaluation Report 223 Neuropsychological Evaluation 245 Annotated Bibliography 275 About the Authors 277 Index 279