With autism spectrum disorders (ASD) on the rise, there is an urgent need for health practitioners to learn about the nature, course, assessment, and diagnosis of the various ASDs. This book addresses the main domains of assessment, defines the purpose of the assessment, suggests test instruments, and includes user-friendly features such as "Don't Forget," "Rapid Reference" boxes and "Test Yourself" questions at the end of each chapter. Mental health practitioners will be equipped with all the information they need to utilize the varied assessments frequently employed in an autism evaluation.
Celine A. Saulnier, Ph.D., is the Director of Clinical Research at the Marcus Autism Center, Children s Healthcare of Atlanta and Assistant Professor (CT) in the Division of Autism and Related Disorders, Department of Pediatrics at Emory University School of Medicine. Previously at Yale, Dr. Saulnier was both the Training Director and the Clinical Director for the Autism Program where she oversaw, conducted, and supervised multidisciplinary diagnostic evaluations on individuals with autism and related disorders from infancy through young adulthood. She has also conducted hundreds of nationwide workshops on the assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of autism spectrum disorders resulting in her being awarded the Outstanding Educator Award for Mental Health Education by the New England Educational Institute. Pamela Ventola, Ph.D., is on the faculty at the Yale Child Study Center, Autism Program. Dr. Ventola has vast experience conducting psychological assessments on children with autism and other developmental disabilities. Her current research focuses on neuropsychological processes in children with autism. Dr. Ventola has written numerous scholarly journal articles and book chapters on developmental disabilities.
Series Preface xiii Acknowledgments xv One Overview 1 Diagnostic Criteria 2 Asperger Syndrome 3 Pervasive Developmental Disorder, Not Otherwise Specified 5 Rett's Disorder and Childhood Disintegrative Disorder 8 DSM-5 9 Two Assessment of Level of Functioning 13 Selecting Instruments 14 Developmental and Early Cognitive Measures 16 Cognitive Assessments 19 Neuropsychological Assessments 28 Qualitative Observations 31 Summary 33 Test Yourself 36 Answers 37 Three Speech, Language, and Communication Assessment 39 Receptive Language 42 Expressive Language 44 Pragmatic Language/Social Communication 47 Stages of Language Development 48 Formulation of Findings 51 Summary 55 Test Yourself 57 Answers 58 Four Assessment of Behavioral Profiles 59 Standardized Assessments of Behavior 60 Functional Behavior Assessment 61 Assessment of Adaptive Behavior 64 Summary 70 Test Yourself 72 Answers 73 Five Clinical Interview and Record Review 75 Clinical Interview 76 Methods of Collecting Information on Current and Historical Presentation 87 Summary 94 Test Yourself 97 Answers 98 Six Direct Diagnostic Assessment 99 Direct Observation 99 Diagnostic Assessment 100 Semistructured Measures for Diagnostic Assessment 116 Summary 119 Test Yourself 120 Answers 122 Seven Diagnostic Differentials and Comorbidity 123 Intellectual Disability 124 Learning Profiles 130 Specific Language Impairment 134 Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder 135 Anxiety and Tic Disorders 137 Mood Disorders 141 Psychiatric Conditions in Adulthood 143 Summary 146 Test Yourself 150 Answers 151 Eight Case Conceptualization and Integrated Report Writing 153 The Parent Conference 153 The Written Report 154 Case Samples 155 Case Sample: Initial Diagnosis Toddler 156 Case Sample: School-Aged Child With ASD 171 Annotated Bibliography 197 About the Authors 201 Author Index 203 Subject Index 207