Urfan Khaliq analyses the theory and practice of the European Union's 'ethical foreign policy', arguing that current practices dilute the impact and efficacy of Union policies but that an effort which is at times effective is being made to protect certain values in the Union's international relations. Beginning with an investigation of the international rules authorising or obliging the Union/Community or the Member States to promote certain values in third countries or take action to protect them, Khaliq goes on to examine the limits under international law which constrain such policies. The issues are then assessed from a Union/Community law perspective, and the importance attached to ethical values and their relationship with other priorities and objectives is analysed in the context of relations with Myanmar, Nigeria, Pakistan, Israel and the Palestinian Authority. The European Community's humanitarian aid policy is also discussed.
Dr Urfan Khaliq is a Senior Lecturer in Law at Cardiff University, where he teaches at undergraduate and postgraduate level on a number of courses including Human Rights Law, Public International Law and EU Law. He has given numerous guest lectures and conference papers in the United Kingdom and in a number of other countries. He has practised in Pakistan as an Advocate specialising in defending street children in conflict with the law. He is currently also a member of the Research Associate's Panel at Matrix Chambers, Gray's Inn, London. He has acted as an adviser/consultant to various non-governmental organisations and foreign governments and has also been a regular analyst for the BBC World Service on issues concerning international law and human rights.
1. Introduction; 2. Pursuing Ethical Values in Foreign Relations: Policy and Legal Issues; 3. Ethical Values and the International Relations of the Union and Community: Competence and Practice; 4. Ethical Values and Foreign Policy in Practice: Responses to the Denial of Democracy in Myanmar, Nigeria and Pakistan; 5. Ethical Values and Foreign Policy in Practice: The Role of the Union in the Middle East Peace Process; 6. Ethical Values and Foreign Policy in Practice: Humanitarian Aid and the European Union; 7. Conclusions.