Ethical Issues in Biotechnology is the first textbook of its kind, written collaboratively by a philosopher and a biologist to provide undergraduate students with a comprehensive, accessible introduction to the ethical and scientific fundamentals of biotechnology. Engaging the ethics and the science side by side, the text addresses pressing questions in agricultural, food, and animal biotechnology; human genetics; gene therapy; human cloning; and stem cell research. A general introduction to both the moral philosophy and fundamentals of genetics is enhanced throughout the text with section-specific introductions addressing the particular philosophical and scientific challenges posed by the topic under consideration. Diagrams and drawings, study cases, liberal use of practical examples, and suggestions for further reading make the text an ideal resource for a broad range of students interested in issues and questions lying at the intersection of philosophy and genetics.
Richard Sherlock is professor of philosophy at Utah State University. John D. Morrey is research professor in the Department of Animal, Dairy, and Veterinary Sciences at Utah State University. Professors Sherlock and Morrey team teach an undergraduate course on ethical issues in biotechnology at Utah State.
Chapter 1 Introduction Part 2 I. Fundamental Issues of Ethics and Biotechnology Chapter 3 How to Assess the Consequences of Genetic Engineering Chapter 4 Redesigning the World: Ethical Questions About Genetic Engineering Chapter 5 "Playing God" and Invoking a Perspective Chapter 6 Genetic Trespassing and Environmental Ethics Part 7 II. Agricultural Biotechnology Chapter 8 Differing Views of the Benefits and Risks of Agricultural Biotechnology Chapter 9 Risk and Risk Management Chapter 10 Journey to the Origin: Biological Integrity and Agriculture Chapter 11 Three Concepts of Genetic Trespassing Chapter 12 Ten Reasons Why Biotechnology Will Be Important to the Developing World Chapter 13 Ten Reasons Why Biotechnology Will Not Ensure Food Security, Protect the Environment, or Reduce Poverty in the Developing World Part 14 III. Food Biotechnology Chapter 15 The Scientific and Health Aspects of Genetically Modified Foods: Rapporteurs' Summary Chapter 16 The Safety of Foods Developed by Biotechnology Chapter 17 Hazards of Genetically Engineered Foods and Crops: Why We Need a Global Moratorium Chapter 18 Why We Need Labeling of Genetically Engineered Food Chapter 19 Ethical Issues in Food Biotechnology Part 20 IV. Animal Biotechnology Chapter 21 A Critical View of the Genetic Engineering of Farm Animals Chapter 22 The "Frankenstein Thing": The Moral Impact of Genetic Engineering of Agricultural Animals on Society and Future Science Chapter 23 On the Ethics of Using Animals for Human Benefit Chapter 24 The Case for the Use of Animals in Biomedical Research Chapter 25 Artificial Lives: Philosophical Dimensions of Farm Animal Biotechnology Chapter 26 Genetic Engineering as Animal Slavery Chapter 27 Uncertainty in Xenotransplantation: Individual Benefit versus Collective Risk Chapter 28 Critical Ethical Issues in Clinical Trials with Xenotransplants Part 29 V. Human Genetic Testing and Therapy Chapter 30 Social, Legal, and Ethical Implications of Genetic Testing Chapter 31 Genetic Links, Family Ties, and Social Bonds: Rights and Responsibilities in the Face of Genetic Knowledge Chapter 32 Privacy and the Control of Genetic Information Chapter 33 The Ethics of Somatic Cell Gene Therapy Chapter 34 Human Inheritable Genetic Modifications: Assessing Scientific, Ethical, Religious, and Policy Issues Chapter 35 Germ-Line Genetic Engineering and Moral Diversity: Moral Controversies in a Post-Christian World Part 36 VI. Human Cloning and Stem Cell Research Chapter 37 Human Cloning: Report and Recommendations of the Natioanl Bioethics Advisory Commission Chapter 38 The Wisdom of Repugnance Chapter 39 Genetic Encores: The Ethics of Human Cloning Chapter 40 Stem Cell Research and Applications: Findings and Recommendations Chapter 41 On Human Embryos and Stem Cell Research: An Appeal for Legally and Ethically Responsible Science and Public Policy Chapter 42 Suggestions for Further Study Chapter 43 Study Cases