In this work, an internationally-respected authority in military ethics describes a wholly new kind of cyber conflict that has utterly confounded the predictions of earlier experts in information warfare. Comparing this "state-sponsored hacktivism" to the transformative impact of "irregular warfare" in conventional armed conflict, Lucas offers a critique of legal approaches to governance, and outlines a new approach to ethics and "just war" reasoning (grounded in the
political philosophies of Alasdair MacIntyre, John Rawls, and Jurgen Habermas) that provides both a framework for understanding these newly-emerging norms of practice for cyber conflict, and the basis for a professional "code of ethics" for the new generation of "cyber warriors."
George Lucas is currently a Visiting Distinguished Research Professor at the John J. Reilly Center for Science, Technology & Values at Notre Dame University. He is an internationally recognized authority in the field of military and applied ethics, focusing in particular upon ethics and emerging military technologies. Recent books include Anthropologists in Arms (2009) and Military Ethics: What Everyone Needs to Know (OUP, 2015). He is editor of the Routledge Handbook of Military Ethics (2015).