Ethics: Contemporary Readings is designed to lead any student into the subject, through carefully selected classic and contemporary articles. The book includes articles by the leading figures in the field and provides an excellent entry to the topic. The book complements Harry Gensler's Ethics: A Contemporary Introduction (Routledge, 1998).
Part 1: Initial Approaches to Morality Cultural Relativism 'Defending Cultural Relativism' Ruth Benedict 'Against Cultural Relativism' Harry J. Gensler and Mary Grace Tomenko Subjectivism 'Ethical Claims Describe Feelings' David Hume 'Ethical Claims are Objective' Thomas Nagel Supernaturalism 'The Moral Law is from God' C.S. Lewis 'Love of God and Neighbor' The Bible Part 2: Further Approaches to Morality Institutionism 'Irreducible Ethical Truths' G.E. Moore 'Objective Prima Facie Duties' W.D. Ross Emotivism 'Ethical Claims Express Feelings' A.J. Ayer 'Values are Subjective' J.L Mackie Precscriptivism 'Universal Prescriptions' R.M Hare 'An Existentialist Ethics' Jean-Paul Sartre Part 3: Ethical Methodology Justifying Moral Claims 'Moral Justification' William K. Frankena 'Discourse Ethics' Jurgen Habermas 'Ethics Based on Reason' Immanuel Kant The Golden Rule 'The Golden Rule and Society' Joyce Hertzler 'The Golden Rule and Religion' Paul Ricoeur 'Master and Slave Morality' Friedrich Nietzsche Two Applications 'Racial Segregation' Martin Luther King 'Moral Education' Lawrence Kohlberg Part 4: Normative Theory Consequentialism 'Utilitarianism' John Stuart Mill 'Defending Utilitarianism' J.C.Smart 'Against Utilitarianism' Bernard Williams 'Rule Utilitarianism' Richard B. Brandt Nonconsequentialism and Virtue 'Goods and Absolutes' John Finnis 'A Theory of Justice' (selections) John Rawls 'Justice and Goods' Robert Nozick Part 5: Applied Ethics Abortion 'Defense of Abortion' Judith Jarvis Thomson 'Pro-life Feminism' Sydney Callahan Animal and Environment 'Animal Liberation' Peter Singer 'A Kantian Approach to Famine Relief' Onora O'Neill 'The Land Ethic' Baird Callicott