For engineering and scientific endeavors to progress there must be generally accepted ethical guidelines in place to which engineers and scientists must adhere. This book explores the various scientific and engineering disciplines, examining the potential for unethical behavior by professionals. Documented examples are presented to show where unethical behavior could have been halted before it became an issue. The authors also look to the future to see what is in store for professionals in the scientific and engineering disciplines and how the potential for unethical behavior can be negated.
James G. Speight PhD, DSc is a senior fuel and environmental consultant and Visiting Professor at the University of Trinidad and Tobago. He is recognized internationally as an expert in the characterization, properties, and processing of conventional fuels, synthetic fuels, and biofuels. He has more than 40 years of experience in the process industries, is the author of numerous books and papers, is the senior editor of three journals, and has won numerous awards and distinctions. Russell Foote earned his PhD in Sociology of Education in 2002 at The University of the West Indies. He has accumulated a range of teachingexperiences at the primary, secondary and tertiary education levels, in addition to administrative, research and community service. He also has publications that are used at every academic level.
Preface. 1. Explaining Ethics. 1.1 Introduction. 1.2 The Impact of Science and Engineering. 1.3 The Framework of Ethics. 1.4 Ethics in Professional Life. References. 2. Scientists and Engineers. 2.1 Introduction. 2.2 Definitions. 2.3 Scientific Disciplines. 2.4 Engineering Disciplines. 2.5 Expert Witness. 2.6 Professionalism. References. 3. The Psychology and Philosophy of Ethics. 3.1 Introduction. 3.2 Ethical Responsibilities in Research. 3.3 Ethics in Science and Engineering. 3.4 A Phenomenological Theory of Ethics. 3.5 Conflicts of Interest. References. 4. Education of Scientists and Engineers. 4.1 Introduction. 4.2 The High School Experience. 4.3 The Baccalaureate Experience. 4.4 The Graduate Degree Experience. 4.5 Postdoctoral Education. 4.6 Morals and Values. 4.7 Evaluating Scientists and Engineers. 4.8 Intellectual Property. References. 5. Scientific and Engineering Societies. 5.1 Introduction. 5.2 Scientific Societies. 5.3 Engineering Societies. 5.4 Codes of Ethics and Ethical Standards. 5.5 Promoting Research Integrity. 5.6 The Effectiveness of Society Activities. 5.7 Academic Freedom. References. 6. Codes of Ethics and Ethical Standards. 6.1 Introduction. 6.2 Ethics. 6.3 Codes of Ethics. 6.4 The Premise Behind Codes of Ethics. 6.5 Codes of Ethics and Peer Reviews. References. 7. Integrity in Research. 7.1 Introduction. 7.2 The Nature and Conduct of Research. 7.3 Collecting Research Data. 7.4 The Controls. References. 8. Publication and Communication. 8.1 Introduction. 8.2 The Scientific and Engineering Literature. 8.3 The Journals. 8.4 Data Manipulation for Publication. 8.5 Detecting Falsified Data. 8.6 Peer Reviewers and Their Duties. 8.7 Duties and Responsibilities of a Journal Editor. References. 9. Enforcement of Codes of Ethics. 9.1 Introduction. 9.2 Following a Code of Ethics. 9.3 Enforcing a Code of Ethics 9.4 Reporting Misconduct. 9.5 Published Examples of Unethical Behavior. References. Glossary. Index.