In recent years ever-increasing concerns about ethical dimensions of fieldwork practice have forced anthropologists and other social scientists to radically reconsider the nature, process, and outcomes of fieldwork: what should we be doing, how, for whom, and to what end? In this volume, practitioners from across anthropological disciplines - social and biological anthropology and primatology - come together to question and compare the ethical regulation of fieldwork, what is common to their practices, and what is distinctive to each discipline. Contributors probe a rich variety of contemporary questions: the new, unique problems raised by fieldworking online and via email; the potential dangers of primatological fieldwork for locals, primates, the environment, and the fieldworkers themselves; the problems of studying the military; and the place of ethical clearance for anthropologists involved in international health programs. A further, distinctive aim of this book is to help the development of a transdisciplinary anthropology at the methodological, not theoretical, level.
Jeremy MacClancy is Professor of Anthropology and Director of the Anthropological Centre for Conservation, the Environment, and Development at Oxford Brookes University. His publications include Expressing Identities in the Basque Arena (James Currey, 2007); Centralizing Fieldwork: Critical Perspectives from Primatology, Biological and Social Anthropology (co-edited, Berghahn Books, 2011); and Anthropology in the Public Arena: Historical Contexts (Wiley 2013). Agustin Fuentes is Professor of Anthropology at the University of Notre Dame. His recent publications include Evolution of Human Behaviour (Oxford University Press, 2009); Health, Risk, and Adversity (co-edited, Berghahn Books, 2008); "Concepts and Connections" in Biological Anthropology (McGraw-Hill, 2011); and Race, Monogamy and Other Lies They Told You: Busting Myths about Human Nature (University of California Press, 2012).
Chapter 1.The ethical fieldworker, and other problems Jeremy MacClancy & Agustin Fuentes Chapter 2. Constructing success and controlling information: the place of ethical clearance in international health Melissa Parker & Tim Allen Chapter 3. Ethical issues in the study and conservation of an African great ape in non-protected human-dominated habitat Matt R. McLennan and Catherine M. Hill Chapter 4. Are observational field studies really noninvasive? Karen Strier Chapter 5. Complex and heterogeneous ethical structures in field primatology Nobuyuki Kutsukake Chapter 6. Contemporary Ethical Issues in Field Primatology Katherine MacKinnon and Erin Riley Chapter 7. The Ethics of Conducting Field Research: Do Long-term Great Ape Field Studies Help to Conserve Primates? Anna Nekaris & Vincent Nijman Chapter 8. Studying suffering: the ethics of studying contested illness Susie Kilshaw Chapter 9. Messy Ethics: Negotiating the terrain between ethics approval and ethical practice Tina Miller Chapter 10. Key Ethical Considerations Which Inform the Use of Anonymous Asynchronous Websurveys in 'Sensitive' Research Em Rundall Chapter 11. Covering all bases, or covering our backs? An ethnography of URECs Jeremy MacClancy Notes on Contributors Bibliograhpy Index