This book introduces the study of ethnic women and contributes to our understanding of the relationships among gender, race/ethnicity, and social class. The social scientific study of gender has grown exponentially for more than two decades. Until recently, however, little attention has been paid to the diversity among women. The social scientific literature on ethnicity has experienced a revival in the same decades, yet women have frequently been overlooked or misrepresented in that literature. When ethnic women do appear they are typically depicted as selfless wives and mothers or passive victims. Theses twenty original essays challenge myths and stereotypes. The authors-social scientists, social service professionals, and other scholars-explore a broad range of racial/ethnic and social class circumstances. Communities represented include the Hmong in Wisconsin, Cuban Jews in Florida, and Samoans in Hawaii. Patters of immigration and social mobility, communal institutions, and maintenance of ethnic traditions are among the topics which reflect the multiple status reality of ethnic women.
Vasilikie Demos is Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of Minnesota, Morris. She earned her Ph.D. at the University of Notre Dame. A second-generation Greek American, she has published in the areas of race and ethnic studies as well as in aging, and is currently involved in a study of ethnicity and gender among Greek Kytherians in Australia, America, and Greece. Marcia Texler Segal is Associate Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs and Professor of Sociology at Indiana University Southeast. She earned her Ph.D. at Indiana University in Bloomington. Her research on the American Jewish community focuses on gender. Her other research interest is women and development, especially in sub-Saharan Africa.
Chapter 1 Introduction: Ethnic Women: A Multiple Status Reality Part 2 Part One: Myths and Realities Chapter 3 A Higher Power of Their Understanding: Cheyenne Women and Their Religious Roles Chapter 4 Guidance for the Perplexed: The Place of Judaism in the Lives of Jewish Women Chapter 5 Role Diversity among Mexican-Origin Women in the United States Chapter 6 Behind the Crystal Ball: A Real Look at Gypsy Womanhood Part 7 Part Two: The Home as Context: Capitalism, Patriarchy, and Women's Work Chapter 8 The Women of Williamsburg: A Contemporary Hasidic Community in Brooklyn, New York Chapter 9 Marital Choice, Gender, and the Reproduction of Greek Ethnicity Chapter 10 The Effects of Immigration on Hmong Women in La Crosse, Wisconsin Chapter 11 Turn-of-the-Century Midwifery Practice among North American Ethnic Women Part 12 Part Three: Workplaces: Women's Experiences as Paid Workers Chapter 13 Differential Occupational Integration of Recent Greek Male and Female Immigrants to New York City Chapter 14 Transcending and Reproducing Race, Class, and Gender Hierarchies in the Everyday Interactions between Chicana Private Household Workers and Employers Chapter 15 Negotiating Multiple Statuses in the Corporate World: The Perceptions and Experiences of Some Black and Jewish Women with Harvard MBAs Chapter 16 African American Women in the Workplace: Double Standards/Double Lives Part 17 Part Four: The Gender Connection: Ties of Solidarity, Support, and Strength Chapter 18 Family and Community in the Migration of Mexican Undocumented Immigrant Women Chapter 19 Cuban Jewish Women in Miami: A Triple Identity Chapter 20 Ethnic Women's Networks: A Case Study of La Federation Feminine Franco-Americaine Part 21 Part Five: The Broader Social Context: The Impact of Socialization and Social Control Chapter 22 The Double Bind of Personal Striving: Ethnic Working-Class Women in Psychotherapy Chapter 23 Women Immigrants and the New York Human Services System: Accommodation and Acculturation Chapter 24 Cultural Conflict and Gender Socialization as Obstacles to High School Graduation: Some Insights from Samoan Adolescent Women Chapter 25 Black Women in Prison: Redefining A Woman's Place