This book, written by one of the leading authorities on migration, traces the growth of global migration since 1945, showing how it has produced fundamental economic, social and cultural changes in most parts of the world.
Using techniques of comparative analysis the book shows the gap between global migration and policy. As the postwar demand for labour outstripped supply, flows of ethnic migration were encouraged throughout the developed Western countries. The rooting of new ethnicities in different soils was neither planned or managed effectively. The book shows how the economic demand for work has been supplemented by the demand from asylum seekers to recognize injustice and oppression. The book also examines the emergence of multicultural societies and the impact of this on traditional concepts of citizenship, culture and identity.
Stephen Castles is Professor at the Centre forAsia Pacific Social Transformation Studies, University of Wollongong, Australia.
PART ONE: INTRODUCTION Thirty Years of Research on Migration and Multicultural Societies PART TWO: WESTERN EUROPE: THE 'GUESTS' WHO STAYED The Function of Labour Migration in Western Europe The Social Time-Bomb Education of an Underclass in West Germany The Guest-Worker in Western Europe An Obituary PART THREE: THE GLOBALIZATION OF MIGRATION Migration and Minorities in Europe Perspectives for the 1990s - Eleven Hypotheses Contract Labour Migration Migrations in the Asia-Pacific Region Before and After the Crisis Globalization and Migration Some Pressing Contradictions PART FOUR: MULTICULTURAL SOCIETIES AS A CHALLENGE TO THE NATION-STATE Multicultural Citizenship The Australian Experience Explaining Racism in the New Germany The Racisms of Globalization Citizenship and the Other in the Age of Migration