Ethnographic perspectives are often used by archaeologists to study cultures both past and present - but what happens when the ethnographic gaze is turned back onto archaeological practices themselves? That is the question posed by this book, challenging conventional ideas about the relationship between the subject and the object, the observer and the observed, and the explainers and the explained. This book explores the production of archaeological knowledge from a range of ethnographic perspectives. Fieldwork spans large parts of the world, with sites in Turkey, the Netherlands, Mexico, Brazil, Italy, Germany, the USA and the United Kingdom being covered. They focus on excavation, inscription, heritage management, student training, the employment of hired workers and many other aspects of archaeological practice. These experimental ethnographic studies are situated right on the interface of archaeology and anthropology_on the road to a more holistic study of the present and the past.
Matt Edgeworth directs and manages archaeological projects in a commercial environment. His doctorate in Archaeology and Social Anthropology was obtained from the University of Durham, and he is the author of numerous excavation reports and urban surveys. The account of his ethnography of an archaeological excavation in England was recently published as 'Acts of Discovery' (BAR, Archaeopress 2003). He is currently research associate and project officer at University of Leicester, United Kingdom (since 2008).
Chapter 1 Introduction: Multiple Origins, Development and Potential of Ethnographies of Archaeology Chapter 2 Sites of Knowledge: Different Ways of Knowing an Archaeological Excavation 3 The Mutual Constitution of Natural and Social Identities During Archaeological Fieldwork 4 A Linguistic Anthropologist's Interest in Archaeological Practice 5 Reflecting Upon Archaeological Practice: Multiple Visions of a Late Paleolithic Site in Germany 6 Pictures, Ideas, and Things: The Production and Currency of Archaeological Images 7 Studying Archaeological Fieldwork in the Field: Views from Monte Polizzo 8 Digging the Dirt: Excavation as a Social Practice 9 Realisafiction: A Day of Work at Everybody-Knows-Land 10 Landscapes of Disciplinary Power: An Ethnography of Excavation and Survey at Leskernick, UK Chapter 11 Histories, Identity and Ownership: An Ethnographic Case Study in Archaeological Heritage Management in the Orkney Islands 12 Among Totem-Poles and Clan Power in Tanum, Sweden: An Ethnographic Perspective on the Communicative Artifacts of Heritage Management 13 Amazonian Archaeology and Local Identities 14 Conjunctures in the Making of an Ancient Maya Archaeological Site 15 Complicit Agendas: Ethnography of Archaeology as Ethical Research Practice