Europe and the Islamic World sheds much-needed light on the shared roots of Islamic and Western cultures and on the richness of their inextricably intertwined histories, refuting once and for all the misguided notion of a "clash of civilizations" between the Muslim world and Europe. In this landmark book, three eminent historians bring to life the complex and tumultuous relations between Genoans and Tunisians, Alexandrians and the people of Constantinople, Catalans and Maghrebis--the myriad groups and individuals whose stories reflect the common cultural, intellectual, and religious heritage of Europe and Islam. Since the seventh century, when the armies of Constantinople and Medina fought for control of Syria and Palestine, there has been ongoing contact between the Muslim world and the West. This sweeping history vividly recounts the wars and the crusades, the alliances and diplomacy, commerce and the slave trade, technology transfers, and the intellectual and artistic exchanges.
Here readers are given an unparalleled introduction to key periods and events, including the Muslim conquests, the collapse of the Byzantine Empire, the commercial revolution of the medieval Mediterranean, the intellectual and cultural achievements of Muslim Spain, the crusades and Spanish reconquest, the rise of the Ottomans and their conquest of a third of Europe, European colonization and decolonization, and the challenges and promise of this entwined legacy today. As provocative as it is groundbreaking, this book describes this shared history in all its richness and diversity, revealing how ongoing encounters between Europe and Islam have profoundly shaped both.
John Tolan is professor of history at the Universite de Nantes. His books include Saracens and Saint Francis and the Sultan. Gilles Veinstein (1945-2013) was professor of history at the College de France. His books include Merchants in the Ottoman Empire. Henry Laurens is professor of history at the College de France. He is the author of L'empire et ses ennemis: La question imperiale dans l'histoire.
Foreword by John L. Esposito vii General Introduction 1 Part I: Saracens and Ifranj: Rivalries,Emulation, and Convergences By John Tolan *1. The Geographers' World: From Arabia Felix to the Balad al-Ifranj (Land of the Franks) 11 *2. Conquest and Its Justifications: Jihad, Crusade, Reconquista 27 *3. The Social Inferiority of Religious Minorities: Dhimmis and Mudejars 49 *4. In Search of Egyptian Gold: Traders in the Mediterranean 70 *5. On the Shoulders of Giants: Transmission and Exchange of Knowledge 87 Part II: The Great Turk and Europe By Gilles Veinstein *Introduction to Part II: Continuity and Change in Geopolitics 111 *6. The Ottoman Conquest in Europe 120 *7. Ottoman Europe: An Ancient Fracture 149 *8. Antagonistic Figures 163 *9. The Islamic-Christian Border in Europe 186 *10. Breaches in the Conflict 206 Part III: Europe and the Muslim World in the Contemporary Period By Henry Laurens *Introduction to Part III 257 *11. The Eighteenth Century as Turning Point 259 *12. Civilization or Conquest? 277 *13. The Age of Reform 295 *14. The Age of Empire 322 *15. The First Blows to European Domination 338 *16. The Great War and the Beginning of Emancipation 360 *17. Contemporary Issues 387 Notes 405 Selected Bibliography 439 Index 445