Europe's recognition of new states in Yugoslavia remains one of the most controversial episodes in the Yugoslav crisis. Richard Caplan offers a detailed narrative of events, exploring the highly assertive role that Germany played in the episode, the reputedly catastrophic consequences of recognition (for Bosnia-Herzegovina in particular) and the radical departure from customary state practice represented by the EC's use of political criteria as the basis of recognition. The book examines the strategic logic and consequences of the EC's actions but also explores the wider implications, offering insights into European security policy at the end of the Cold War, the relationship of international law to international relations and the management of ethnic conflict. The significance of this book extends well beyond Yugoslavia as policymakers continue to wrestle with the challenges posed by violent conflict associated with state fragmentation.
Richard Caplan is Lecturer in International Relations and Fellow of Linacre College, University of Oxford. He has published widely on international organisations and conflict management, European security and defence policy, and the crises in the former Yugoslavia. He is the author of International Governance of War-Torn Territories (2005) and co-editor of Europe's New Nationalism: States and Minorities in Conflict (1996) and State of the Union: The Clinton Administration and the Nation in Profile (1994).
Acknowledgements; Introduction; 1. The EC's recognition policy: origins and terms of reference; 2. Recognition of states: legal thinking and historic practice; 3. International law, international relations and the recognition of states; 4. EC recognition of new states in Yugoslavia: the strategic consequences; 5. Political conditionality and conflict management; Conclusion; Appendices: EPC Declaration on the Recognition of New States in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union (16 December 1991); EPC Declaration on Yugoslavia (16 December 1991); Treaty Provisions for the Convention (at 4 November 1991); Bibliography; Index.