This authoritative book, bringing together the reports of the Competitiveness Advisory Group, identifies actions to improve European competitiveness politically, economically and socially. The objective is to raise living standards and maintain social cohesion.
The Competitiveness Advisory Group has the mission of advising the European Commission and the Heads of State and Government of the European Union. The members of this independent group, which includes leading industrialists, trade unionists, politicians and academics, have adopted a `bottom-up' approach, seeking to draw lessons from the experience of countries, industries and firms: they rely on `benchmarking' in order to identify best practice.
In the context of increasing interdependence of world trade and consequent globalization of the international economy new policy prescriptions are required for growth and employment, greater efficiency and higher standards of living. In relation to this, the Group discusses the need to close the worldwide technology gap, for Europe to develop deeper relations with the fast growing Asia Pacific region and argues for greater European solidarity in international trade negotiations. Within the European Union itself, it emphasizes the need to achieve the internal market for the free flow of goods, services and people. In addition, it stresses that Europe needs to catch-up, construct and eventually lead the development of the information society in which workers are recognized as a major asset to be invested in. The Group concludes that, although unemployment remains high, European competitiveness now has a brighter future with the movement towards economic and monetary union, and the enlargement of the European Union eastwards.
This book will be essential reading for policymakers, government advisers, industrialists and academics concerned with the future of European economies and societies.
Edited by the late Alexis Jacquemin, Former Chief Advisor, European Commission and Professor of Economics, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Belgium and Lucio R. Pench, Project Manager, Forward Studies Unit, European Commission, Belgium Preface by Jacques Santer
Contents: What Competitiveness for Europe? An Introduction (A. Jacquemin and Lucio Pench) Enhancing European Competitiveness Four Reports (Competitiveness Advisory Group) First Report 1. Competitiveness and the European Economy 2. Completing the Internal Market 3. Strengthening the European Enterprise 4. Reaping Human Resources Second Report 1. Introduction 2. The Role of the State in the Provision and Regulation of Basic Infrastructures 3. Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), Innovation and Research and Development 4. The Company and Environmental Policy 5. The Meaning of the Learning Society Third Report 1. Summary and Conclusions 2. Labour Market, Unemployment and Competitiveness 3. Labour Market Reform 4. The Company and Employment Fourth Report 1. Europe's Place in a Globalizing World Economy 2. Benchmarks for Europe: The Dynamism of Asia 3. High-Level Standards, High-Level Benchmarks Index