Tales about treacherous Jesuits and scheming popes are an important and pervasive part of European culture. They belong to a set of ideas, images, and practices that, when grouped under the label anti-Catholicism, represent a phenomenon that can be traced back to the Reformation. Anti-Catholic movements and sentiments crossed boundaries between European countries, contributing to the early modern consolidation of national identities. In the nineteenth century, secularist movements adopted and transformed confessional criticism in a new internationalist dimension that was articulated across the whole Western world. A variety of liberal, conservative, secular, Protestant, and other forces gave shape to this counter-image, taking on the function of a pattern from which one's own ideals and beliefs could be chiselled out. The contributions to this volume show how different national contexts affected the proliferation of anti-Catholic messages over the course of four centuries of European history, and demonstrate that anti-Catholicism constituted a powerful European cross-cultural phenomenon.
Authors in this volume Yvonne Maria Werner and Jonas Harvard: European Anti-Catholicism in Comparative and Transnational Perspective - The Role of a Unifying Other: An Introduction General Perspectives John Wolffe: North Atlantic Anti-Catholicism in the Nineteenth Century: A Comparative Overview Manuel Borutta: Settembrini's World: German and Italian Anti-Catholicism in the Age of the Culture Wars Anti-Catholicism and National Identity Laura M. Stevens: Healing a Whorish Heart: The Whore of Babylon and Protestant Interiority in Restoration and Eighteenth-Century Britain Clare Haynes: How to look? Roman Catholic Art in Britain - 1700-2010 Edwina Hagen: Dutch Civic Virtues, Protestant and Enlightened: Anti-Catholicism and Early Cultural Nationalism in the Netherlands Around 1800 Olaf Blaschke: Anti-Protestantism and Anti-Catholicism in the 19th Century: A Comparison Yvonne Maria Werner: `The Catholic Danger': The Changing Patterns of Swedish Anti-Catholicism - 1850-1965 Kristin Norseth: Arousing Anti-Catholic Sentiments on a National Scale: The Case of Marta Steinsvik and Norway Anti-Catholicism and Political Culture Jes Fabricius Moller and Uffe Ostergard: Lutheran Orthodoxy and Anti-Catholicism in Denmark 1536-2011 Ainur Elmgren: The Jesuit Stereotype - An Image of the Universal Enemy in Finnish Nationalism Bernt T. Oftestad: Norway and the Jesuit Order: A History of Anti-Catholicism Jonas Harvard: Catholicism and the Idea of Public Legitimacy in Sweden Andrew G. Newby: Scottish Anti-Catholicism in a British and European Context: The `North Pole Mission' and Victorian Scotland