Europe is in a troubled state. The macroeconomic situation looks grim, national governments are close to dysfunction, and Europeans are facing austerity and relative decline. The one bright spot on the horizon is the potential for positive action at the level of the city and urban regions. In this book, the editors have assembled a collection of original contributions by scholars from Europe, North America and Asia who offer insights as to how local authorities in Europe might be able to chart a course for their city or urban region during this period of extraordinary difficulty.
The volume begins with an Introduction, followed by a set of three papers in Part Two examining European urban competitiveness from the standpoints of measurement and policy. This section also provides a case study of the cities of one country - Italy - from which the reader can gain an understanding of the current position of European cities as well as what might be possible going forward. Experience has shown that perhaps the most crucial element in competitiveness enhancement is good and effective governance. To that end, Part Three examines structural aspects of urban government, including polycentric regions, wide metropolitan cooperation, the role of social actors and territorial aggregation. Part Four treats issues of innovation from two perspectives and provides a case study from Eindhoven, while also covering social issues such as demographics, participation, social exclusion and mobility.
This set of scholarly reflections will be of considerable benefit to urban practitioners, researchers and students of public policy.
Edited by Peter Karl Kresl, Charles P. Vaughan Professor of Economics (Emeritus), Bucknell University, US and President, Global Urban Competitiveness Project and Daniele Ietri Free University of Bozen-Bolzano, Italy They are members of AISLo (Italian Association for Local Development) and GUCP (Global Urban Competitiveness Project)
Contents: PART I: INTRODUCTION 1. Introduction Daniele Ietri and Peter Karl Kresl PART II: COMPETITIVENESS 2. The Prospect for European Urban Economies Peter Karl Kresl 3. Italian Cities and Global Urban Competitiveness Pengfei Ni 4. Urban Competitiveness in Italy: A Benchmarking and Benchlearning Approach to Support Local Government Decisions Stefano Mollica and Giovanna Hirsch PART III: GOVERNANCE 5. Competition and Collaboration in Creating a World City from Polycentricity in Central Scotland William F. Lever 6. Metropolitan Structures of Decision Making, Governance and Policy Coordination: The Role of Social Actors in Montreal Diane-Gabrielle Tremblay and Juan-Luis Klein 7. Strategic Resilience and Global Competitiveness: Regional Cooperation in the New York City Metropolitan Area David J. Maurrasse 8. The Metropolitan Area of Venice in the Changing Economy of the North East Stefano Micelli 9. Urban Development and Competitiveness in Hong Kong: Opportunities and Challenges of a Changing Relation with Mainland China Jianfa Shen PART IV: INNOVATIVE POLICY MAKING 10. Brainport Eindhoven: A Proactive Approach Towards Innovation and Sustainability Leo van den Berg and Alexander H.J. Otgaar 11. On the Possible Government of the City Carlo Donolo 12. Competitiveness, Sustainability and Urban Energy Use: Some Lessons for Europe from the Mexican Experience Jaime Sobrino 13. The Urban Response to a Need for Change: The Case of Milan Eleonora Mastropietro 14. Organizing Mobility as an Infrastructure for Development Riccardo Mercurio, Paolo Canonico and Mario Pezzillo Iacono 15. An Aging Population as a Benefit to Italian Cities Daniele Ietri 16. The Future of Europe's Smaller Cities and Towns Peter Karl Kresl Index