It is commonplace to refer to the First World War as an historical watershed, but the nature of that great cataclysm's impact upon European society and culture remains a hotly debated topic. Many recent works have dealt with the Great War's role in shaping artistic and intellectual modernism and with the social history of the war. Yet the English-language literature remains dominated by a disproportionate emphasis on the western European experience. This book redresses the balance by giving equal attention to the countries of eastern and central Europe, and distinguishes itself by focusing specifically on cultural change during the course of the war, as distinct from the after-effects and memories of the conflict.
Aviel Roshwald is Professor of History at Georgetown University in Washington, DC. He is the author of The Endurance of Nationalism: Ancient Roots and Modern Dilemmas (Cambridge University Press, 2006). His previous publications include Estranged Bedfellows: Britain and France in the Middle East during the Second World War (1990) and Ethnic Nationalism and the Fall of Empires: Central Europe, Russia and the Middle East, 1914-1923 (2001). He is co-editor, with Richard Stites, of European Culture during the Great War: The Arts, Entertainment, and Propaganda, 1914-1918 (Cambridge University Press, 1999).
Introduction; 1. Days and nights in wartime Russia Richard Stites; 2. German culture in the Great War Peter Jelavich; 3. Culture in Poland during World War I Harold B. Segel; 4. Jewish cultural identity in Eastern and central Europe during the Great War Aviel Roshwald; 5. The tragic carnival: Austrian culture in the First World War Steven Beller; 6. Ambivalent patriots: Czech culture in the Great War Claire Nolte; 7. Culture in Hungary during World War I Joseph Held; 8. Culture in the south Slavic lands, 1914-18 Andrew Wachtel; 9. Between apology and denial: Bulgarian culture during World War I Evelina Kelbetcheva; 10. Romania: war, occupation, liberation Maria Bucur; 11. Occupation, propaganda, and the idea of Belgium Sophie de Schaepdrijver; 12. Cultural life in France, 1914-18 Marc Ferro; 13. The impact of World War I on Italian political culture Walter L. Adamson; 14. Popular culture in wartime Britain Jay Winter; Conclusion.