As part of the reform of its Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), in 1992 the European Community adopted a regulation of Accompanying Measures aimed at supporting farmers in conserving the European environment. This book explores the implementation of the Regulation throughout Europe and examines its genesis, delivery and prospects. Individual chapters explore the politics of the regulation and the ecological resources on which it has to work. Eight further chapters examine its implementation in individual member states, highlighting the remarkable diversity both of the ecosystems being conserved and the ways in which the regulation is being implemented. The volume concludes with two speculative chapters, one on the extent and measurement of potential economic benefits from these measures and another offering some broad conclusions on the potential impact of the regulation and its possible evolution. The volume is multidisciplinary, including political scientists, economists, sociologists, geographers and civil servants amongst its authors. The area covered by its country chapters amounts to more than eighty per cent of the European Union of fifteen states.
Martin Whitby is Professor of Countryside Management at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne, and is the author of Incentives for Countryside Management: the Case of ESAs and The European Environment and CAP Reform, among other titles.
Part 1: Introduction 1: The agri-environmental measures in the context of CAP reform Martin Scheele 2: The development of European agri-environmental policy David Baldock and Philip Lowe 3: The ecological resources of European farmland Eric Bignal and David McCracken Part II: The Response of Member States 4: Denmark Jorgen Primdahl 5: Germany Andreas Hoell and Heino von Meyer 6: Spain Fernando Garrido and Eduardo Moyano 7: France Jean-Marie Boisson and Henry Buller 8: Italy Andrea Povellato 9: Netherlands Gert van der Bijl and Ernst Oosterveld 10: Sweden Bengt Rundqvist 11: United Kingdom Martin Whitby Part III: Evaluation 12: Environmentally Sensitive Area schemes: Public economics and evidence Francois Bonnieux and Robert Weaver 13: The prospect for agri-environmental policies within a reformed CAP Martin Whitby