Interest in the study of kinship, a key area of anthropological enquiry, has recently reemerged. Dubbed 'the new kinship', this interest was stimulated by the 'new genetics' and revived interest in kinship and family patterns. This volume investigates the impact of biotechnology on contemporary understandings of kinship, of family and 'belonging' in a variety of European settings and reveals similarities and differences in how kinship is conceived. What constitutes kinship for different publics? How significant are biogenetic links? What does family resemblance tell us? Why is genetically modified food an issue? Are 'genes' and 'blood' interchangeable? It has been argued that the recent prominence of genetic science and genetic technologies has resulted in a 'geneticization' of social life; the ethnographic examples presented here do show shifts occurring in notions of 'nature' and of what is 'natural'. But, they also illustrate the complexity of contemporary kinship thinking in Europe and the continued interconnectedness of biological and sociological understandings of relatedness and the relationship between nature and nurture.
Jeanette Edwards is Professor of Social Anthropology at Manchester University. She has published widely on the implications of new reproductive technologies for kinship both ethnographically and theoretically. She is author of Born and Bred: Idioms of Kinship and New Reproductive Technologies in England (Oxford University Press, 2000) and co-author of Technologies of Procreation: Kinship in the Age of Assisted Conception (Routledge 2nd ed., 1999). She directed the European-funded project 'Public Understanding of Genetics: a Cross- Cultural and Ethnographic Study of the new geneticsA" and social identity'. Carles Salazar is Lecturer in Social Anthropology at the University of Lleida. He received his PhD from the University of Cambridge and has carried out ethnographic fieldwork in Ireland and Catalonia (Spain). His publications include A Sentimental Economy (1996, Berghahn) and Anthropology and Sexual Morality (2006, Berghahn) and a number of articles on kinship, sexuality, reproduction and Irish ethnography.
Acknowledgements Introduction: The Matter in Kinship Jeanette Edwards Chapter 1. Knowing and Relating: Kinship, Assisted Reproductive Technologies and the New Genetics Joan Bestard Chapter 2. Imagining Assisted Reproductive Technologies: Family, Kinship and 'Local Thinking' in Lithuania Auksuole Cepaitiene Chapter 3. Eating Genes and Raising People: Kinship Thinking and Genetically Modified Food in the North of England Cathrine Degnen Chapter 4. The Family Body: Persons, Bodies and Resemblance Diana Marre and Joan Bestard Chapter 5. The Contribution of Homoparental Families to the Current Debate on Kinship Anne Cadoret Chapter 6. Corpo-real Identities: Perspectives from a Gypsy Community Nathalie Manrique Chapter 7. Incest, Embodiment, Genes and Kinship Enric Porqueres i Gene and Jerome Wilgaux(France) Chapter 8. 'Loving Mothers' at Work: Raising Others' Children and Building Families with the Intention to Love and Take Care Eniko Demeny Chapter 9. Adoption and Assisted Conception: One Universe of Unnatural Procreation. An Examination of Norwegian Legislation Marit Melhuus and Signe Howell Chapter 10. Fields of Post-human Kinship Ben Campbell Chapter 11. Are Genes Good to Think With? Carles Salazar Notes on Contributors Bibliography Author Index Subject Index