Are national legal cultures in Europe converging or diverging as a result of the pressures of European legal integration? Ase B. Grodeland and William L. Miller address this question by exploring the attitudes and perceptions of the general public and law professionals in five European countries: England, Norway, Bulgaria, Poland and the Ukraine. Presenting new findings, they challenge the established view that ordinary citizens and people working professionally with the law have different legal cultures. Their research in fact reveals that the attitudes of citizens in Eastern and Western Europe towards 'law-in-principle' are remarkably similar, whereas perceptions of 'law-in-practice' differ by country and often correlate with GDP per capita and country ranking in rule of law indices. Grodeland and Miller's innovative methodological approach will appeal to both experts and non-experts with an interest in legal culture, European integration, or European elite and public opinion.
Ase B. Grodeland is senior researcher at Fafo Institute for Applied International Studies, Oslo, Norway. Her forthcoming publications on legal culture include The End of National Legal Culture? The Case of Norway (with Janne H. Matlary and Morten Kinander, 2016). William L. Miller is Professor Emeritus and former Edward Caird Professor of Politics at the University of Glasgow. His most recent books include Multicultural Nationalism: Islamophobia, Anglophobia and Devolution (with Asifa Hussain, 2006) and The Open Economy and its Enemies: Public Attitudes in East Asia and Eastern Europe (with Jane Duckett, Cambridge, 2006).
Preface; 1. One European legal culture or several?; 2. Concept/meaning of 'law'; 3. Law in principle; 4. Law in action; 5. Perceptions of legal outsiders; 6. Perceptions of legal insiders; 7. Legal change and legal transfers; 8. Muslims and Euro-migrants as carriers of legal culture; 9. Balancing civil rights against a 'war on terror'; 10. The role of religiosity in European popular legal cultures; 11. A European legal culture?; Appendix: data collection.