The history of the European Community/European Union's (EC/EU) development is a narrative of crises generated and resolved. To date, the resolution of crises in community affairs has furthered European integration. The characteristic pattern of integration is dialectical-two steps forward and one step back-with crises both accounting for the steps backward and forward. This book examines why the crises were constructively resolved, rather than the often explored how of the resolutions. This work contends that European myths, which emerged from Europe's cataclysmic experiences in World War I and II, cement the member states within the EC/EU, and lead to greater social, economic, and political integration with the EC/EU. During the periodic crises, the European myths have eliminated every choice except the choice to move European integration forward. Professor Sam-Sang Jo's analysis argues that once the European myths weaken, the tensions among EU member states are likely to escalate.
Sam-Sang Jo is currently visiting Assistant Professor of Political Science at Monmouth College. His teaching and research interests cover the causes of crisis and efforts for crisis resolution; the rise and fall of world orders; the formation of regional collective identity; and nationalism on the period of globalization. His publications have appeared in such scholarly journals as Journal of Contemporary European Studies and Korean Observer.
Part 1 Foreword Chapter 2 Introduction Chapter 3 The Evolution of European Integration Theory Chapter 4 Analytical Framework Chapter 5 Confronting Hatred and Suspicion: Empty Chair Crisis of 1965-1966 Chapter 6 Resolving the Divergence and the Mutual Distrust: The Monetary and Oil Turmoil of 1971-1974 Chapter 7 Coping with British National Interest and the Complex of British Difference: British Budgetary Crisis of 1979-1984 Chapter 8 Growing Public Resentment: Ratification Crisis of 1992 Chapter 9 Conclusion Part 10 Endnotes Part 11 Index