Is there something distinctive about penology in Europe? Do Europeans think about punishment and penal policy in a different way to people in other parts of the globe? If so, why is this the case and how does it work in practice? This book addresses some major and pressing issues that have been emerging in recent years in the interdisciplinary field of 'European penology', that is, a space where legal scholarship, criminology, sociology and political science meet - or should meet - in order to make sense of punishment in Europe. The chapters in European Penology? have been written by leading scholars in the field and focus in particular on the interaction of European academic penology and national practice with European policies as developed by the Council of Europe and, increasingly, by the European Union.
Tom Daems is Lecturer in Criminology and Sociology of Law at Ghent University, Belgium. Dirk van Zyl Smit is Professor of Comparative and International Penal Law at the University of Nottingham. Sonja Snacken is Professor of Criminology, Penology and Sociology of Law at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium.
Preface Tom Daems, Dirk van Zyl Smit and Sonja Snacken Contributors Part One: Concepts and Institutions 1. Distinctive Features of European Penology and Penal Policy-Making Sonja Snacken and Dirk van Zyl Smit 2. Punishment and the Question of Europe Tom Daems 3. Knowledge Politics and Penal Politics in Europe Ian Loader and Richard Sparks 4. The Emerging Role of the EU as a Penal Actor Estella Baker 5. Approximation of Sanctions within the European Union Roland Miklau Part Two: Cross-Cutting Issues 6. The Processes of Criminalisation of Migrants and the Question of the European Union as a 'Land of Immigration' Dario Melossi 7. Youth Justice Policy in Europe-Between Minimum Intervention, Welfare and New Punitiveness Frieder Dunkel 8. Community Sanctions and European Penology Fergus McNeill 9. Remand Detention in Europe: Comparative and Pan-European Aspects as Elements of a Wider European Penology Christine Morgenstern 10. Prison Privatisation in Europe and Beyond: Changing States and Penal Rationalities Alison Liebling Part Three: Nationally Based Perspectives 11. Can Prosecutors be too Independent? An Italian Case Study David Nelken 12. Truth in (the Implementation of) Sentencing: Belgium and Elsewhere Kristel Beyens, Sonja Snacken and Dirk van Zyl Smit 13. A Spanish Window on European Law and Policy on Employment Discrimination Based on Criminal Record Elena Larrauri and James B Jacobs 14. Penal Developments in Poland: New or Old Punitiveness? Krzysztof Krajewski 15. Reversing The Punitive Turn: The Case of the Netherlands Rene van Swaaningen