Comprehensive books to support study of History for the IB Diploma Paper 3, revised for first assessment in 2017. This coursebook covers Paper 3, History of Europe, Topic 14: European States in the Inter-War Years (1918-1939) of the History for the IB Diploma syllabus for first assessment in 2017. Tailored to the Higher Level requirements of the IB syllabus and written by experienced IB History examiners and teachers, it offers authoritative and engaging guidance through the topic, exploring domestic developments during this time in Germany, Italy, Spain and France.
Chapter 1. Introduction; Chapter 2. Germany: Unit 1. Weimar Germany, 1918-1929: 2.1. How did the new government of Germany address the constitutional, political, economic and social challenges it faced in 1918-1919?; 2.2. To what extent were the problems of Weimar Germany between 1918 and 1923 caused by the Treaty of Versailles?; 2.3. In what ways did economic, financial and social issues cause problems for the new state?; 2.4. What were the political consequences of the economic problems?; 2.5. To what extent were the Stresemann years between 1924 and 1929 a 'golden era' for Weimar Germany?; Unit 2. Germany and Hitler: 2.6. How did Hitler come to power in the 'crisis years' of 1929 to 1933?; 2.7. How did Hitler consolidate his Nazi dictatorship in the years 1933-1934?; 2.8. What political policies did Hitler use to build the National Socialist State before 1939?; 2.9. What were Hitler's main economic and social policies in the years 1933 to 1939?; 2.10. What was the nature of the Nazi State?; 2.11. What was the extent of resistance to the Nazi State?; Chapter 3. Italy: Unit 1. From Liberalism to Fascism, 1918-1924: 3.1. What was the condition of Italy before 1918?; 3.2. What were the main problems affecting Italy in the years 1918-1922?; 3.3. What political factors aided the rise of Mussolini's Fascist Party, 1919-1920?; 3.4. How did Mussolini become prime minister in 1922?; 3.5. What were Mussolini's main actions 1922-1924?; Unit 2. Establishment and consolidation of the Fascist state, 1925-1939: 3.6. How did Mussolini consolidate his power in the period 1925-1939?; 3.7. What impact did Mussolini's policies have on Italy; 3.8. How successful were Mussolini's main social policies?; 3.9. What was the nature of the Fascist state in Italy?; Chapter 4. Spain: Unit 1. Spain 1918-1930: From Monarchy to Republic: 4.1. What were Spain's main underlying problems before the First World War?; 4.2. How did the First World War affect economic and political developments in Spain before 1923?; 4.3. What were the main developments in Spain from 1923-1930?; Unit 2. The Second Republic and the Spanish Civil War, 1930-1939: 4.4. Why did the Second Republic face problems 1931-1933?; 4.5. What were the immediate causes of the Spanish Civil War?; 4.6. What were the main features of the Spanish Civil War?; 4.7. How important was foreign intervention in explaining the Nationalists' victory in the civil war?; Chapter 5. France: Unit 1. France, 1918-1929: 5.1. What was the impact of the First World War on France?; 5.2. What was the state of the French economy during the 1920s?; 5.3. What were the main developments in French politics between 1918 and 1929?; 5.4. Which social issues were significant in France in the inter-war years?; 5.5. What cultural trends were evident in the 1920s?; Unit 2. France, 1929-1940: 5.6. How did the Great Depression affect France?; 5.7. What was the Popular Front and how successful was it as a government?; 5.8. What caused the collapse of the Third Republic?; Chapter 6. Exam practice; Further Reading; Index.