The accelerated pace of European integration since the early 1990s has been accompanied by the emergence of increasingly prominent and multiform oppositions to the process. The term Euroscepticism has appeared with growing frequency in a range of political, media, and academic discourses. Yet, the label is applied to a wide range of different, and occasionally contradictory, phenomena. Although originally associated with an English exceptionalism relative to a Continental project of political and economic integration, the term Euroscepticism is now also identified with a more general questioning of European Union institutions and policies which finds diverse expressions across the entire continent. This volume of European Studies brings together an interdisciplinary team of contributors to provide one of the first major, multinational surveys of the growth of these Eurosceptic tendencies. Individual chapters provide detailed examinations of developments in France, Germany, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Ireland, Sweden, Austria, the Czech Republic, Poland, and Switzerland. Overall, the volume draws a distinctive portrait of contemporary Euroscepticism, situating the phenomenon not only relative to the progress of European integration, but also in relation to broader questions concerned with the evolution of party politics and the reshaping of national identities.
Robert Harmsen is Senior Lecturer in European Studies in the School of Politics and International Studies at The Queen's University of Belfast. Menno Spiering is Lecturer in European Studies at the University of Amsterdam and Director of the MA in European Studies at the International School of the University of Amsterdam.
Authors in this volume Robert HARMSEN and Menno SPIERING: Introduction: Euroscepticism and the Evolution of European Political Debate Paul HAINSWORTH, Carolyn O'BRIEN and Paul MITCHELL: Defending the Nation: The Politics of Eurosceptisicm on the French Right Susan MILNER: For an Alternative Europe: Euroscepticism and the French Left Since the Maastricht Treaty Klaus BUSCH and Wilhelm KNELANGEN: German Euroscepticism Robert HARMSEN: Euroscepticism in the Netherlands: Stirrings of Dissent Menno SPIERING: British Euroscepticism Peter J. ANDERSON: A Flag of Convenience? Discourse and Motivations of the London-based Eurosceptic Press Karin GILLAND: Irish Euroscepticism Milena SUNNUS: Swedish Euroscepticism: Democracy, Sovereignty and Welfare Anton PELINKA: Austrian Euroscepticism: The Shift From the Left to the Right Petr KOPECKY: An Awkward Newcomer? EU Enlargement and Euroscepticism in the Czech Republic Aleks SZCZERBIAK: Polish Euroscepticism in the Run-up to EU Accession Clive H. CHURCH: Swiss Euroscepticism: Local Variations on Wider Themes