Experiences of Test Automation: Case Studies of Software Test Automation

Experiences of Test Automation: Case Studies of Software Test Automation

By: Mark Fewster (author), Dorothy Graham (author)Paperback

Up to 2 WeeksUsually despatched within 2 weeks

£32.39 RRP £40.49  You save £8.10 (20%) With FREE Saver Delivery

Description

Software test automation has moved beyond a luxury to become a necessity. Applications and systems have grown ever larger and more complex, and manual testing simply cannot keep up. As technology changes, and more organizations move into agile development, testing must adapt-and quickly. Test automation is essential, but poor automation is wasteful-how do you know where your efforts will take you? Authors Dorothy Graham and Mark Fewster wrote the field's seminal text, Software Test Automation, which has guided many organizations toward success. Now, in Experiences of Test Automation, they reveal test automation at work in a wide spectrum of organizations and projects, from complex government systems to medical devices, SAP business process development to Android mobile apps and cloud migrations. This book addresses both management and technical issues, describing failures and successes, brilliant ideas and disastrous decisions and, above all, offers specific lessons you can use. Coverage includes Test automation in agile development How management support can make or break successful automation The importance of a good testware architecture and abstraction levels Measuring benefits and Return on Investment (ROI) Management issues, including skills, planning, scope, and expectations Model-Based Testing (MBT), monkey testing, and exploratory test automation The importance of standards, communication, documentation, and flexibility in enterprise-wide automation Automating support activities Which tests to automate, and what not to automate Hidden costs of automation: maintenance and failure analysis The right objectives for test automation: why "finding bugs" may not be a good objective Highlights, consisting of lessons learned, good points, and helpful tips Experiences of Test Automation will be invaluable to everyone considering, implementing, using, or managing test automation. Testers, analysts, developers, automators and automation architects, test managers, project managers, QA professionals, and technical directors will all benefit from reading this book.

About Author

Dorothy Graham is a world-renowned consultant, speaker, and author with nearly forty years of experience in software testing. After nineteen years with Grove Consultants, she now concentrates on conferences and writing. She was Programme Chair for the 1993 and 2009 EuroSTAR conferences and holds the European Excellence Award in Software Testing. Mark Fewster has thirty years of software testing and automation experience. As developer and manager for a multi-platform graphical application, he designed an architecture for long-lasting test automation. With Grove Consultants since 1993, he provides training and consultancy in all aspects of software testing. Graham and Fewster coauthored the popular book Software Test Automation (Addison-Wesley, 1999). Contributed chapter lead authors include Lisa Crispin, Henri van de Scheur, Ken Johnston, Bo Roop, John Kent, Ane Clausen, Elfriede Dustin, Alan Page, Stefan Mohacsi, Simon Mills, Jason Weden, Bryan Bakker, Antti Jaaskelainen, Christoph Mecke, Bjoern Boisschot, Michael Williamson, Lars Wahlberg, Jonathan Kohl, Albert Farre Benet, Seretta Gamba, Wim Demey, Ursula Friede, John Fodeh, Mike Baxter, Ross Timmerman, Ed Allen, and Harry Robinson.

Contents

Foreword xxix Preface xxxi Reflections on the Case Studies (by Dorothy Graham and Mark Fewster ) 1 A Management Issues 2 B Technical Issues 8 C Conclusion 16 Chapter 1: An Agile Team's Test Automation Journey: The First Year (by Lisa Crispin) 17 1.1 Background for the Case Study 18 1.2 Whole Team Commitment 19 1.3 Setting Up the Automation Strategy 20 1.4 Applying Acceptance Test-Driven Development (ATDD) to Test behind the GUI Using FitNesse 24 1.5 Use an Incremental Approach 26 1.6 The Right Metrics 27 1.7 Celebrate Successes 28 1.8 Incorporate Engineering Sprints 28 1.9 Team Success 29 1.10 Continuous Improvement 31 1.11 Conclusion 32 Chapter 2: The Ultimate Database Automation (by Henri van de Scheur) 33 2.1 Background for the Case Study 33 2.2 Software under Test 35 2.3 Objectives for Test Automation 36 2.4 Developing Our Inhouse Test Tool 37 2.5 Our Results 40 2.6 Managing Our Automated Tests 40 2.7 Test Suites and Types 41 2.8 Today's Situation 43 2.9 Pitfalls Encountered and Lessons Learned (the Hard Way) 43 2.10 How We Applied Advice from the Test Automation Book 45 2.11 Conclusion 47 2.12 Acknowledgments 48 Chapter 3: Moving to the Cloud: The Evolution of TiP, Continuous Regression Testing in Production (by Ken Johnston and Felix Deschamps) 49 3.1 Background for the Case Study 50 3.2 Moving Our Testing into the Cloud 52 3.3 How We Implemented TiP 55 3.4 Sample of Monthly Service Review Scorecards 58 3.5 Exchange TiP v2-Migrating TiP to the Windows Azure Cloud 62 3.6 What We Learned 63 3.7 Conclusion 67 3.8 Acknowledgments 67 Chapter 4: The Automator Becomes the Automated (by Bo Roop) 69 4.1 Background for the Case Study: My First Job 69 4.2 My Great Idea . . . 72 4.3 A Breakthrough 74 4.4 Conclusion 80 Chapter 5: Autobiography of an Automator: From Mainframe to Framework Automation (by John Kent) 83 5.1 Background for the Case Study 84 5.2 A Mainframe Green-Screen Automation Project 88 5.3 Difference between Mainframe and Script-Based Tools 89 5.4 Using the New Script-Based Tools 91 5.5 Automating Tests for IBM Maximo 97 5.6 Conclusion 102 5.7 Additional Reading 103 Chapter 6: Project 1: Failure!, Project 2: Success! (by Ane Clausen) 105 6.1 Background for the Case Study 105 6.2 Project 1: Failure! 107 6.3 Project 2: Success! 109 6.4 The Next Time Period: Testing for Real 118 6.5 Conclusion 127 Chapter 7: Automating the Testing of Complex Government Systems (by Elfriede Dustin) 129 7.1 Background for the Case Study 129 7.2 Our Requirements for Automation 131 7.3 Automated Test and Re-Test (ATRT), Our Automated Testing Solution-What Is It? 132 7.4 Automated Testing Solution Applied 140 7.5 Conclusion 142 Chapter 8: Device Simulation Framework (by Alan Page) 143 8.1 Background for the Case Study 143 8.2 The Birth of Device Simulation Framework (DSF) 145 8.3 Building the DSF 146 8.4 Automation Goals 148 8.5 Case Studies 149 8.6 No Silver Bullets 153 8.7 Conclusion 154 8.8 Acknowledgments 154 Chapter 9: Model-Based Test-Case Generation in ESA Projects (by Stefan Mohacsi and Armin Beer) 155 9.1 Background for the Case Study 155 9.2 Model-Based Testing and Test-Case Generation 157 9.3 Our Application: ESA Multi-Mission User Services 161 9.4 Experience and Lessons Learned 168 9.5 Conclusion 173 9.6 References 174 9.7 Acknowledgments 175 Chapter 10: Ten Years On and Still Going (by Simon Mills) 177 10.1 Background for the Case Study: "Before" 177 10.2 Insurance Quotation Systems Tested Automatically Every Month 179 10.3 What Happened Next? 193 10.4 Conclusion 193 Chapter 11: A Rising Phoenix from the Ashes (by Jason Weden) 197 11.1 Background for the Case Study 197 11.2 The Birth of the Phoenix 199 11.3 The Death of the Phoenix 202 11.4 The Rebirth of the Phoenix 203 11.5 The New Life of the Phoenix 207 11.6 Conclusion 212 Chapter 12: Automating the Wheels of Bureaucracy (by Damon Yerg [A Pseudonym]) 217 12.1 Background for the Case Study 217 12.2 The Agency Automation 219 12.3 From 2000 to 2008 223 12.4 An Alignment of Planets 226 12.5 Building Capability within Test Teams 231 12.6 Future Directions: The Journey Continues 233 12.7 Conclusion 235 Chapter 13: Automated Reliability Testing Using Hardware Interfaces (by Bryan Bakker) 237 13.1 Background for the Case Study 238 13.2 The Need for Action 239 13.3 Test Automation Startup (Incremental Approach) 240 13.4 Buy-In from Management 242 13.5 Further Development of Test Framework 244 13.6 Deployment and Improved Reporting 248 13.7 Conclusion 250 Chapter 14: Model-Based GUI Testing of Android Applications (by Antti Jaaskelainen, Tommi Takala, and Mika Katara) 253 14.1 Background for the Case Study 253 14.2 MBT with TEMA Toolset 256 14.3 Modeling Application Behavior 261 14.4 Generation of Tests 266 14.5 Connectivity and Adaptation 268 14.6 Results 272 14.7 Conclusion 273 14.8 Acknowledgments 274 14.9 References 274 Chapter 15: Test Automation of SAP Business Processes (by Christoph Mecke, Melanie Reinwarth, and Armin Gienger) 277 15.1 Background for the Case Study 278 15.2 Standards and Best Practices 282 15.3 eCATT Usage Examples 286 15.4 Conclusion 292 15.5 Acknowledgments 293 Chapter 16: Test Automation of a SAP Implementation (by Bjoern Boisschot) 295 16.1 Background for the Case Study 295 16.2 Project Overview 298 16.3 Phase 1: Proof of Concept 299 16.4 Phase 2: Project Start 307 16.5 Conclusion 319 Chapter 17: Choosing the Wrong Tool (by Michael Williamson) 321 17.1 Background for the Case Study 321 17.2 Our Preexisting Automation (or Lack Thereof) 324 17.3 Decision Needed: New Tool or Major Maintenance Effort? 326 17.4 Moving Forward with eggPlant 328 17.5 What Did We Do after eggPlant? 336 17.6 Conclusion 336 Chapter 18: Automated Tests for Marketplace Systems: Ten Years and Three Frameworks (by Lars Wahlberg) 339 18.1 Background for the Case Study 340 18.2 Automated Test Frameworks 341 18.3 Test Roles 344 18.4 Abstraction Layer 345 18.5 Configuration 348 18.6 Cost and ROI 349 18.7 Conclusion 352 Chapter 19: There's More to Automation Than Regression Testing: Thinking Outside the Box (by Jonathan Kohl) 355 19.1 Background for the Case Study 355 19.2 Two Tales of Task Automation 357 19.3 Automation to Support Manual Exploratory Testing 362 19.4 Automating Data Interactions 364 19.5 Automation and Monitoring 368 19.6 Simulating Real-World Loads by Combining Simple Tools 370 19.7 Conclusion 372 19.8 References 372 Chapter 20: Software for Medical Devices and Our Need for Good Software Test Automation (by Albert Farre Benet, Christian Ekiza Lujua, Helena Soldevila Grau, Manel Moreno Jaimez, Fernando Monferrer Perez, and Celestina Bianco) 375 20.1 Background for the Case Study 376 20.2 Comparison of the Different Approaches to Each Project 381 20.3 Project hamlet 385 20.4 Project phoenix 386 20.5 Project doityourself 388 20.6 Project miniweb 391 20.7 Test Execution 392 20.8 Result Reporting 393 20.9 Conclusion 396 Chapter 21: Automation through the Back Door (by Supporting Manual Testing) (by Seretta Gamba) 401 21.1 Background for the Case Study 401 21.2 Our Technical Solution 403 21.3 Implementing Test Automation with ISS Test Station 406 21.4 Implementing Test Automation 409 21.5 Supporting Manual Testing 413 21.6 The New Manual Test Process 417 21.7 Conclusion 422 21.8 References 423 Chapter 22: Test Automation as an Approach to Adding Value to Portability Testing (by Wim Demey) 425 22.1 Background for the Case Study 427 22.2 Portability Testing: Love or Hate It 428 22.3 Combination of Both Worlds as a Solution 428 22.4 Conclusion 435 22.5 Acknowledgment 435 Chapter 23: Automated Testing in an Insurance Company: Feeling Our Way (by Ursula Friede) 437 23.1 Background for the Case Study 437 23.2 The Application 439 23.3 Objectives 440 23.4 The Work 441 23.5 Lessons 443 23.6 Conclusion 444 Chapter 24: Adventures with Test Monkeys (by John Fodeh) 447 24.1 Background for the Case Study 447 24.2 Limitations of Automated Regression Testing 449 24.3 Test Monkeys 451 24.4 Implementing Test Monkeys 453 24.5 Using Test Monkeys 454 24.6 Benefits and Limitations 458 24.7 Conclusion 459 24.8 Additional Reading 460 Chapter 25: System-of-Systems Test Automation at NATS (by Mike Baxter, Nick Flynn, Christopher Wills, and Michael Smith) 461 25.1 Background for the Case Study 461 25.2 Test Execution Tool Integration 465 25.3 Pilot Project for the Tool 466 25.4 In-Service Model 467 25.5 Implementation 467 25.6 Typical Script Template 470 25.7 Lessons Learned 472 25.8 Conclusion 474 Chapter 26: Automating Automotive Electronics Testing (by Ross Timmerman and Joseph Stewart) 477 26.1 Background for the Case Study 477 26.2 Objectives for Automation Project 480 26.3 Brief History of the Automation Project 480 26.4 Results of the Automation Project 483 26.5 Conclusion 483 Chapter 27: BHAGs, Change, and Test Transformation (by Ed Allen and Brian Newman) 485 27.1 Background for the Case Study 485 27.2 Buy-In 487 27.3 The Story of Building the Automation Framework 491 27.4 Description of our Automation Framework 493 27.5 The Test Environment 497 27.6 Metrics 499 27.7 Conclusion 501 Chapter 28: Exploratory Test Automation: An Example Ahead of Its Time (by Harry Robinson and Ann Gustafson Robinson) 505 28.1 Background for the Case Study 505 28.2 What's a Trouble Manager? 507 28.3 Testing a Trouble Manager Transaction 509 28.4 Constructing Test Cases Programmatically 510 28.5 New Ways to Think about Automated Tests 511 28.6 Testing the Trouble Manager Workflow 513 28.7 Test Generation in Action 518 28.8 Home Stretch 520 28.9 Post-Release 521 28.10 Conclusion 522 28.11 Acknowledgments 522 Chapter 29: Test Automation Anecdotes 523 29.1 Three Grains of Rice (by Randy Rice) 523 29.2 Understanding Has to Grow (by Molly Mahai) 527 29.3 First Day Automated Testing (by Jonathon Lee Wright) 528 29.4 Attempting to Get Automation Started (by Tessa Benzie) 535 29.5 Struggling with (against) Management (by Kai Sann) 536 29.6 Exploratory Test Automation: Database Record Locking (by Douglas Hoffman) 538 29.7 Lessons Learned from Test Automation in an Embedded Hardware-Software Computer Environment (by Jon Hagar) 545 29.8 The Contagious Clock (by Jeffrey S. Miller) 549 29.9 Flexibility of the Automation System (by Mike Bartley) 551 29.10 A Tale of Too Many Tools (and Not Enough Cross-Department Support) (by Adrian Smith) 552 29.11 A Success with a Surprising End (by George Wilkinson) 556 29.12 Cooperation Can Overcome Resource Limitations (by Michael Albrecht) 561 29.13 An Automation Process for Large-Scale Success (by Michael Snyman) 562 29.14 Test Automation Isn't Always What It Seems (by Julian Harty) 567 Appendix: Tools 573 About the Case Study Authors 587 About the Book Authors 605 Index 607

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9780321754066
  • Format: Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 672
  • ID: 9780321754066
  • weight: 1040
  • ISBN10: 0321754069

Delivery Information

  • Saver Delivery: Yes
  • 1st Class Delivery: Yes
  • Courier Delivery: Yes
  • Store Delivery: Yes

Prices are for internet purchases only. Prices and availability in WHSmith Stores may vary significantly

Close