Fabricated tells the story of 3D printers, humble manufacturing machines that are bursting out of the factory and into schools, kitchens, hospitals, even onto the fashion catwalk. Fabricated describes our emerging world of printable products, where people design and 3D print their own creations as easily as they edit an online document. A 3D printer transforms digital information into a physical object by carrying out instructions from an electronic design file, or 'blueprint.' Guided by a design file, a 3D printer lays down layer after layer of a raw material to 'print' out an object. That's not the whole story, however. The magic happens when you plug a 3D printer into today s mind-boggling digital technologies. Add to that the Internet, tiny, low cost electronic circuitry, radical advances in materials science and biotech and voila! The result is an explosion of technological and social innovation. Fabricated takes the reader onto a rich and fulfilling journey that explores how 3D printing is poised to impact nearly every part of our lives.
Aimed at people who enjoy books on business strategy, popular science and novel technology, Fabricated will provide readers with practical and imaginative insights to the question 'how will this technology change my life?' Based on hundreds of hours of research and dozens of interviews with experts from a broad range of industries, Fabricated offers readers an informative, engaging and fast-paced introduction to 3D printing now and in the future.
Hod Lipson and Melba Kurman put innovative technologies into context. Lipson is a leading researcher and speaker on 3D printing, digital materials, and the transformative power of intelligent machines. His lab at Cornell University has pioneered interdisciplinary research in 3D printing, product design, artificial intelligence, and smart materials. Kurman is an author and technology analyst who covers game-changing technologies in language that intelligent (and busy) non-experts can understand.
Preface xiii Chapter 1: Everything is becoming science fiction 1 Chapter 2: A machine that can make almost anything 7 Printing three-dimensional things 11 The ten principles of 3D printing 20 Chapter 3: Nimble manufacturing: Good, fast, and cheap 25 Somewhere between mass production and the local farmer s market 27 The blank canvas of the 21st century 35 Chapter 4: Tomorrow s economy of printable products 45 Like ants with factories 46 The experience economy 51 A future economy of printable products 56 Chapter 5: Printing in layers 65 A manufacturing process at heart 65 Two families of printers 68 Cleaning up design files 77 The raw materials 81 Chapter 6: Design software, the digital canvas 85 A word processor for drawing 85 Today s design software 91 What you design is not (necessarily) what you print 100 The next generation of design software: digital capture 102 Chapter 7: Bioprinting in "living ink" 105 The printer of youth 105 Tissue engineering 111 CAD for the body 120 The future 124 Chapter 8: Digital cuisine 129 Digital gastronomy 130 Feeding the quantified self 142 Processed food 144 Chapter 9: A factory in the classroom 153 Make to learn: Children's engineering 154 Not a national crisis... but learning should be enjoyable 161 Now let's see you draw that abstract equation on a graph 166 Barriers to classroom adoption 171 The road ahead 173 Chapter 10: Unleashing a new aesthetic 175 Computers that act like nature 176 Printing wavy walls and custom gargoyles 191 Chapter 11: Green, clean manufacturing 197 A tale of two plastic toys 200 Greener manufacturing 202 3D printing a more beautiful landfi ll 206 Chapter 12: Ownership, safety, and new legal frontiers 217 Printing weapons, drugs, and shoddy products 218 Rip, mix, and burn physical things 224 Exclusivity vs. the freedom to innovate 230 Chapter 13: Designing the future 241 Tea. Earl Grey. Hot. 241 A bicycle for our imagination 243 The language of shapes 252 Changing the shape of design tools 260 Chapter 14: The next episode of 3D printing 263 The three episodes of 3D printing 265 Cofabrication of multiple materials 266 Moving from printing passive parts to active systems 271 The final episode from analog to digital 275 Machines making machines 280 References 283 Index 291