The institutionalisation of Fatah mirrors the evolution of the PLO and the Palestinian national cause generally. Understanding the factors that have influenced Fatahs politics of violence, and its political path -- and the balance between the two -- help to explain the political history of the Middle East in recent decades. Fatahs institutionalisation is marked by alternating bases of the organisations legitimacy: organisational, communal, and external. Transformations from one phase to another are distinguished by the shifts in relative importance assigned to the different sources of legitimacy, which in turn dictated different courses of action for the organisation.
Dr Anat N Kurz is a senior research associate at the Jaffee Center for Strategic Studies, Tel Aviv University, Israel, and head of the Centers Project on Low Intensity Conflict. She has written extensively on insurgency and terrorism-related issues and on policy dilemmas of dealing with sub-state violence. Her current research focuses on the institutionalisation and organisational determinants of PLO member groups and Palestinian Islamic factions.
Introduction; The Institutional Analysis of Popular Struggles; Fatah's Struggle for Institutionalisation; The First Institutional Phase, 1959-65: Regulative Formation; The Second Institutional Phase, 1965-67: Coming to the Surface; The Third Institutional Phase, 1967-1968: Violent Mobilisation in Action; The Fourth Institutional Phase, 1968-1970: Regulative Challenges, Political Opportunities; The Fifth Institutional Phase, 1971-1973: Reconstruction; The Sixth Institutional Phase, 1974-1982: Violent Lead, Political Backup; The Seventh Institutional Phase, 1983-87: Time Out; The Eighth Institutional Phase, 1988-1993: Political Lead, Violent Backup; Epilogue: New Setting, Old Dilemmas; Conclusion.