Feeding the World chronicles the rise of Brazil as a world agricultural powerhouse during the second half of the twentieth century. Tracing the history of Brazilian agricultural development, Herbert S. Klein and Francisco Vidal Luna focus specifically on how Brazil came to be the largest net food exporter in the world. Brazil was always an agricultural export country, but it was traditionally an exporter of a single crop. However, the country's agriculture underwent significant changes after 1960. Since then, Brazil has become one of the top five world producers of some 36 agricultural products and is now the world's primary exporter of such agricultural goods as orange juice, sugar, meat, corn, and soybeans. Drawing heavily on historical and economic social science research, this book not only details how Brazil became an international leader in commercial agriculture, but offers careful insight into one of the most important developments in modern world history.
Herbert S. Klein is Gouverneur Morris Professor Emeritus of History at Columbia University and Research Fellow and Latin American Curator at the Hoover Institution at Stanford University, California. Francisco Vidal Luna is Professor of Economics in the Faculty of Economics and Administration (FEA) at the Universidade de Sao Paulo.
List of maps; List of graphs; List of tables; Introduction; 1. Antecedents; 2. The new agricultural economy post 1960; 3. Causes for the modernization of Brazilian agriculture; 4. Productivity, technology, and sustainability; 5. Regional pattern of agriculture; 6. The case of Mato Grosso; 7. Rio Grande do Sul; 8. Sao Paulo; 9. The Agrarian question; Conclusion; Bibliography; Index.