The Sami people of Northern Europe and Aboriginal Australians are literally a world apart in geographical terms, yet share a common fate as Indigenous minorities. Emerging from centuries of internal colonisation. Their ancient cultures and languages severely eroded by policies of forced assimilation, their traditional lifestyles and Economies damaged, and their political voices marginalised, recent decades have seen their struggles for collective survival rise to political prominence in national and international agendas, with the promise of Indigenous self-determination held out by national governments and the United Nations Declaration of Rights for Indigenous Peoples. Both the Sami and Indigenous Australians have won important new rights during these decades, yet the outcomes are very different. In this volume -- the only collection of essays specifically on the Indigenous peoples of Australia and Northern Europe -- the similarities and differences between the Indigenous experiences in the Nordic countries and Australia are explored by renowned experts in the field including Indigenous authors.
Some of the contributions are explicitly comparative and based on research experience in both areas, and two essays on New Zealand and Canada provide external points of reference to the volumes focus on Northern Europe (Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia) and Australia. As always in Indigenous Studies, issues of cultural identity and survival are prominent but there is a special emphasis in many of the chapters on issues of socio-economic development and political representation, and a substantial introduction by the editors sketches out a historical-theoretical framework for understanding Indigenous struggles in First World countries that is critical of some currently fashionable approaches.
Gunter Minnerup has been teaching, and extensively publishing on, modern European history for over thirty years. He was Director of the Centre for European Studies at UNSW Sydney 2006-2007, in this capacity organiser of the conference on which this book is based. He is involved with Australian Indigenous issues in various ways, for example through the History Council of NSW (member of judging panel for Indigenous History Fellowship). Pia Solberg is currently writing her Ph.D. thesis comparing Indigenous development in Australia and Norway.
Introduction; The Development of Sami Rights in Norway from 1980 to 2007; The Norwegian Sami Parliament & Sami Political Empowerment; Indigenous Representative Bodies in Northern Europe & Australia; Principles & Practice in Finnish National Policies Towards the Sami People; Russia's Sami: The Search for Autonomy in the Kola Peninsula; Internal Colonialism in Australia; Wiradjuri: Revival & Survival; Poverty Alleviation in Remote Indigenous Australia; Sami Lands & Indigenous Australian Lands: Some Comparative Perspectives; Arctic to Outback: Indigenous Rights, Conservation & Tourism; Making Places & Polities: Indigenous Uses of Cultural Heritage Legislation in Australia & Norway; Learning the Political Power Play of Survival; Ethnic Discrimination & Bullying in Norway; The Woggan-ma-gule Morning Ceremony; Commemorating the Treaty of Waitangi; Index.