Flatfishes: Biology and Exploitation (Fish and Aquatic Resources 2nd Revised edition)

Flatfishes: Biology and Exploitation (Fish and Aquatic Resources 2nd Revised edition)

By: Audrey J. Geffen (editor), Henk W. Van der Veer (editor), Robin N. Gibson (editor), Richard D. M. Nash (editor)Hardback

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Description

Fascinating and instantly recognizable, flatfishes are unique in their asymmetric postlarval body form. With over 800 extant species recognized and a distribution stretching around the globe, these fishes are of considerable research interest and provide a major contribution to commercial and recreational fisheries worldwide. This second edition of Flatfishes: Biology and Exploitation has been completely revised, updated and enlarged to respond to the ever-growing body of research. It provides: Overviews of systematics, distribution, life history strategies, reproduction, recruitment, ecology and behaviour Descriptions of the major fisheries and their management An assessment of the synergies between ecological and aquaculture research of flatfishes. Carefully compiled and edited by four internationally-known scientists and with chapters written by many world leaders in the field, this excellent new edition of a very popular and successful book is essential reading for fish biologists, fisheries scientists, marine biologists, aquaculture personnel, ecologists, environmental scientists, and government workers in fisheries and fish and wildlife departments. Flatfishes: Biology and Exploitation, Second Edition, should be found in all libraries of research establishments and universities where life sciences, fish biology, fisheries, aquaculture, marine sciences, oceanography, ecology and environmental sciences are studied and taught. Reviews of the First Edition A solid, up-to-date book that advanced students and research scientists with interests in fish biology will find interesting and useful. Aquaculture International A data-rich book that outlines much of what you might ever want to know about flatfishes. Fish & Fisheries Well presented with clear illustrations and a valuable source of information for those with a general interest in fish ecology or for the more specialist reader. You should make sure that your library has a copy. J Fish Biology An excellent and very practical overview of the whole, global flatfish scene. Anyone interested in flatfish at whichever stage of the economic food chain should invest in a copy immediately. Ausmarine Because of the high quality of each chapter, written by international experts, it is a valuable reference. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries

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About Author

Robin N. Gibson is an Honorary Research Fellow of the Scottish Association for Marine Science, Scottish Marine Institute, Oban, Scotland. His lifetime research interests have been in the ecology and behaviour of intertidal and shallow water marine fishes. Richard D.M. Nash is a senior research scientist at the Institute of Marine Research, Bergen, Norway. His research is mainly concerned with recruitment processes and the early life history dynamics of marine fishes. He has particular research interests in the dynamics of nursery grounds. Audrey J. Geffen is a professor in the Department of Biology, University of Bergen, Norway. Her research is primarily concerned with fish growth in natural and culture environments. A significant aspect of her work involves theoretical and applied research on the growth and formation of fish otoliths, analysing the structure and composition as a record of life history. Henk W. van der Veer is a senior scientist at the Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research, The Netherlands. His main research topics are related to fish recruitment, concentrating on flatfishes and the functioning of coastal nursery areas. His work is strongly focussed on field observations supported by and embedded in ecological theory, especially the Dynamic Energy Budget theory.

Contents

List of contributors xv Series editor s foreword xxi Preface to the second edition xxv Preface to the first edition xxvii Acknowledgements xxix 1 Introduction 1 Robin N. Gibson 1.1 The fascination of flatfishes 1 1.2 A brief history of flatfish research and its contribution to fish biology and fisheries science 3 1.3 Scope and contents of the book 4 1.4 Nomenclature 9 Acknowledgements 10 References 10 2 Systematic diversity of the Pleuronectiformes 13 Thomas A. Munroe 2.1 Introduction 13 2.2 Systematic profile of the Pleuronectiformes 18 2.3 Intrarelationships of the Pleuronectiformes 19 2.4 Brief synopses of the suborders and families 22 2.5 Diversity of the Pleuronectiformes 26 2.5.1 Overview 26 2.5.2 Flatfish species diversity 27 2.5.3 Diversity of species within families 28 2.5.4 Standing diversity estimate for species of Pleuronectiformes 29 2.5.5 Relative diversity of the Pleuronectiformes 31 2.6 Patterns of species discovery among pleuronectiform families 32 2.6.1 History 32 2.6.2 Factors contributing to new species discovery among the Pleuronectiformes 35 2.7 Conclusions 42 Acknowledgements 44 References 44 3 Distributions and biogeography 52 Thomas A. Munroe 3.1 Introduction 52 3.2 Geographic distribution of pleuronectiform lineages 56 3.3 Global patterns of species richness for the Pleuronectiformes 61 3.3.1 Latitudinal gradients in species richness 61 3.3.2 Tropical and subtropical regions 61 3.3.3 Temperate regions 62 3.3.4 Species richness on continental shelves 63 3.3.5 Insular versus continental regions 64 3.3.6 Continental versus oceanic islands 66 3.4 Species richness in specific environments 66 3.4.1 Freshwater environments 66 3.4.2 Antarctic Ocean 67 3.4.3 Arctic Ocean 68 3.4.4 Shallow-water versus deep-sea habitats 69 3.5 Historical biogeography 71 3.5.1 Pleuronectidae 71 3.5.2 Achiridae 72 3.5.3 Paralichthyidae 72 3.5.4 New World tropical flatfishes 73 3.5.5 Indo-west Pacific region 73 Acknowledgements 76 References 76 4 Life-history traits in flatfishes 83 Catarina Vinagre and Henrique N. Cabral 4.1 Introduction 83 4.2 Diversity in life-history traits of flatfishes 85 4.3 Variation according to geographical area, habitat use patterns and functional guilds 86 4.4 Intraspecies variability 89 4.4.1 Phenotypic plasticity, local adaptation, cogradient variation and parental effects 93 4.5 Anthropogenic impacts on life-history traits 94 4.6 Future directions 95 References 96 5 Ecology of reproduction 101 Adriaan D. Rijnsdorp, Cindy J.G. van Damme and Peter R. Witthames 5.1 Introduction 101 5.2 Spawning 102 5.2.1 Spawning behaviour 102 5.2.2 Spawning mode 102 5.2.3 Egg size 102 5.2.4 Spawning season 103 5.2.5 Duration of spawning 106 5.3 Gonad development 106 5.3.1 Testis 106 5.3.2 Ovary 107 5.3.3 Fecundity 110 5.3.4 Geographical pattern in fecundity 112 5.3.5 Batch spawning 113 5.3.6 Egg and sperm quality: maternal and paternal effects 113 5.4 Age and size at first maturation 114 5.5 Energetics 115 5.5.1 Energetics of reproduction and growth 115 5.5.2 Nonannual spawning 117 5.5.3 Spawning fast 118 5.5.4 Sexual dimorphism in reproduction and growth 119 5.6 Fisheries-induced evolution in reproduction and growth 120 5.7 Reproductive potential 121 References 123 6 The planktonic stages of flatfishes: physical and biological interactions in transport processes 132 Janet T. Duffy-Anderson, Kevin M. Bailey, Henrique N. Cabral, Hideaki Nakata and Henk W. van der Veer 6.1 Introduction 133 6.2 Variations in time and space in the plankton 134 6.3 Physical mechanisms of transport and retention 136 6.3.1 Wind-forcing & Ekman transport 136 6.3.2 Estuarine circulation 137 6.3.3 Fronts and eddies 138 6.3.4 Influence of climate and oceanographic shifts 138 6.3.5 Behaviour 141 6.3.6 Models 141 6.4 Adaptations to transport conditions: geographical and species comparisons 146 6.4.1 Comparisons among species within a geographic region 148 6.4.2 Congeneric comparisons in different regions 151 6.4.3 Conspecific comparisons in different geographic areas 151 6.4.4 Local adaptations 153 6.5 Transitioning from the plankton 154 6.5.1 Criticality of timing 154 6.5.2 Fidelity to initial touchdown sites 155 6.5.3 Importance of initial settlement areas 155 6.6 Implications 156 6.6.1 Population genetics 156 6.6.2 Recruitment 157 6.6.3 Connectivity 158 6.6.4 Management 159 6.6.5 Research needs 160 Acknowledgements 161 References 161 7 Development and regulation of external asymmetry during flatfish metamorphosis 171 Tohru Suzuki and Masaru Tanaka 7.1 Introduction 171 7.2 Development and evolution of flatfish external asymmetry 172 7.3 Regulation of flatfish eye-sidedness 174 7.4 Pigmentation 177 7.5 Hormonal regulation 180 7.6 Summary and future work 181 Acknowledgements 182 References 182 8 Recruitment level and variability 185 Henk W. van der Veer, Vania Freitas and William C. Leggett 8.1 Introduction 185 8.2 Range of distribution 187 8.3 Average recruitment levels 189 8.4 Recruitment variability 192 8.4.1 Processes influencing recruitment variability 194 8.4.2 Recruitment variability in flatfishes relative to other marine fish species 198 8.5 Future perspectives 199 References 200 9 Age and growth 207 Richard D.M. Nash and Audrey J. Geffen 9.1 Introduction 207 9.2 Age estimation 209 9.2.1 Larvae and juveniles 209 9.2.2 Adults 211 9.3 Growth of larvae 211 9.3.1 Variation in growth 212 9.3.2 Factors affecting larval growth 212 9.4 Growth during metamorphosis 213 9.5 Growth on the nursery grounds 217 9.5.1 Growth models and growth experiments 218 9.5.2 Maximum achievable growth and evidence for deviations from maximum growth 218 9.5.3 Growth compensation and depensation 220 9.5.4 Nursery ground quality and the use of growth as an indicator of habitat quality 221 9.6 Growth of adults 222 9.6.1 Factors affecting adult growth rates 223 9.6.2 Tradeoff between growth and reproduction 223 9.7 Longevity 225 References 227 10 Distribution and dynamics of habitat use by juvenile and adult flatfishes 242 Kenneth W. Able and F. Joel Fodrie 10.1 Introduction 242 10.2 Distribution of habitat associations 243 10.2.1 Effects of spatial scale on habitat use and selection 245 10.3 Nursery role of juvenile habitats 247 10.4 Dynamics of habitat associations 252 10.4.1 Settlement 253 10.4.2 Ontogeny 253 10.4.3 Long-term changes 256 10.4.4 Tidal, diel and seasonal cycles 257 10.4.5 Migrations and site fidelity 259 10.4.6 Episodic events 261 10.5 Future emphasis 262 Acknowledgements 264 References 264 11 The trophic ecology of flatfishes 283 Jason S. Link, Brian E. Smith, David B. Packer, Michael J. Fogarty and Richard W. Langton 11.1 Introduction 283 11.2 Major flatfish feeding groups 284 11.2.1 Polychaete and crustacean eaters 292 11.2.2 Piscivores 293 11.2.3 Specialists 295 11.2.4 Other considerations 296 11.3 Flatfish predators 297 11.4 Flatfish competitors 298 11.5 Flatfish trophic dynamics: a case study of Georges Bank 300 11.5.1 Shifts in abundance and species composition 300 11.5.2 Potential competitive interactions 301 11.5.3 Predation by flatfishes 302 11.5.4 Have changes in flatfish populations influenced the Georges Bank ecosystem? 304 11.6 Summary and conclusions 304 Acknowledgements 305 References 305 12 The behaviour of flatfishes 314 Robin N. Gibson, Allan W. Stoner and Clifford H. Ryer 12.1 Introduction 314 12.2 Locomotion and related behaviour 315 12.2.1 Locomotion 315 12.2.2 Burying 316 12.3 Reproduction 317 12.4 Feeding 317 12.4.1 Flatfish feeding types 317 12.4.2 Feeding behaviour 318 12.4.3 External factors modifying feeding behaviour 321 12.5 Predation and reactions to predators 323 12.5.1 Burial and the role of sediment 323 12.5.2 Cryptic colouration and behaviour 324 12.5.3 Escape from predators following attack 325 12.5.4 Predator avoidance through habitat choice 325 12.5.5 Effect of size on vulnerability and avoidance of ingestion 326 12.6 Movements, migrations and rhythms 326 12.7 Behaviour in relation to fishing 329 12.7.1 Reactions to mobile fishing gear 329 12.7.2 Reactions to fixed gear 331 12.8 Behaviour in relation to aquaculture and stock enhancement 331 12.9 Conclusions 332 References 333 13 Atlantic flatfish fisheries 346 Stephen J. Walsh, Juan M. Diaz de Astarloa and Jan-Jaap Poos 13.1 Introduction 346 13.2 Main species and nature of the fisheries 348 13.2.1 North-west Atlantic 348 13.2.2 North-east Atlantic 351 13.2.3 Southern Atlantic 355 13.3 History of exploitation 360 13.3.1 North-west Atlantic 360 13.3.2 North-east Atlantic 366 13.3.3 Southern Atlantic 367 13.4 Economic importance 371 13.4.1 North-west Atlantic 371 13.4.2 North-east Atlantic 375 13.4.3 Southern Atlantic 377 13.5 Management 378 13.5.1 North-west Atlantic 378 13.5.2 North-east Atlantic 384 13.5.3 Southern Atlantic 386 13.6 Notes 387 Acknowledgements 388 References 388 14 Pacific flatfish fisheries 395 Thomas Wilderbuer, Bruce Leaman and Chang Ik Zhang 14.1 Introduction 395 14.2 Main species and nature of fisheries 396 14.3 History of exploitation 401 14.3.1 General account 401 14.3.2 Republic of Korea 403 14.3.3 Japan 403 14.3.4 Russia (including the former Soviet Union) 404 14.3.5 Canada 404 14.3.6 United States 405 14.3.7 New Zealand 406 14.3.8 Australia 407 14.4 Economic importance 407 14.5 Management 408 14.5.1 Western North Pacific 408 14.5.2 Eastern North Pacific 409 14.5.3 Australia and New Zealand 411 14.5.4 Data collection 412 14.5.5 Ecosystem-based fisheries management 413 References 414 15 Tropical flatfish fisheries 418 Thomas A. Munroe 15.1 Introduction 418 15.2 Main species and nature of the fisheries 420 15.2.1 Habitats 420 15.2.2 Commercially important species and/or taxa 422 15.2.3 Nature of the fisheries 425 15.2.4 Types of gear employed 428 15.2.5 Harvest on spawning concentrations, migrating stocks and impacts on recruitment 428 15.2.6 Industrial versus artisanal characteristics of the fisheries 429 15.3 History of exploitation 430 15.3.1 Commercial landings 430 15.3.2 Geographic occurrence and historical landings 433 15.4 Importance 441 15.4.1 Economic importance 441 15.4.2 Human importance 443 15.5 Management and conservation 443 15.5.1 Fishery conflicts, regulations and management 443 15.5.2 Conservation 448 Acknowledgements 450 References 450 16 Assessment and management of flatfish stocks 461 Steven X. Cadrin, William G. Clark and Daniel Ricard 16.1 Concepts and terms 461 16.2 Population dynamics, assessment, and management 464 16.2.1 Stock and recruitment 467 16.2.2 Recruitment, environment, assessment and management 475 16.2.3 Assessment, management, and uncertainty 477 16.3 Assessment and management summary 478 16.3.1 North-east Pacific 478 16.3.2 North-west Atlantic 478 16.3.3 North-east Atlantic 483 16.4 Conclusions 484 Acknowledgements 484 References 485 17 Synergies between aquaculture and fisheries 491 Audrey J. Geffen, Karin Pittman and Albert K. Imsland 17.1 Introduction 491 17.2 Species 492 17.3 Population structure and genomics 494 17.4 Life history stages 497 17.4.1 Egg and larval stages 498 17.4.2 Metamorphosis 499 17.4.3 Growth 502 17.4.4 Reproduction 502 17.5 Future directions for common goals and synergies between fisheries and aquaculture 505 References 508 Appendix A: List of scientific and common names of living flatfishes used in the book 519 Appendix B: Common synonyms of Pleuronectidae used in the text 523 Index of scientific and common names 525 Subject index 535

Product Details

  • publication date: 23/01/2015
  • ISBN13: 9781118501191
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 576
  • ID: 9781118501191
  • weight: 1126
  • ISBN10: 1118501195
  • edition: 2nd Revised edition

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