Food and Eating in America: A Documentary Reader (Uncovering the Past: Documentary Readers in American History)

Food and Eating in America: A Documentary Reader (Uncovering the Past: Documentary Readers in American History)

By: Bryant Simon (editor), James C. Giesen (editor)Paperback

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Guides students through a rich menu of American history through food and eating This book features a wide and diverse range of primary sources covering the cultivation, preparation, marketing, and consumption of food from the time before Europeans arrived in North America to the present-day United States. It is organized around what the authors label the Four P s production, politics, price, and preference in order to show readers that food represents something more than nutrition and the daily meals that keep us alive. The documents in this book demonstrate that food we eat is a highly condensed social fact that both reflects and is shaped by politics, economics, culture, religion, region, race, class, and gender. Food and Eating in America covers more than 500 years of American food and eating history with sections on: An Appetizer: What Food and Eating Tell Us About America; Hunting, Harvesting, Starving, and the Occasional Feast: Food in Early America; Fields and Foods in the Nineteenth Century; Feeding a Modern World: Revolutions in Farming, Food, and Famine; and Counterculture Cuisines and Culinary Tourism. Presents primary sources from a wide variety of perspectives Native Americans, explorers, public officials, generals, soldiers, slaves, slaveholders, clergy, businessmen, workers, immigrants, activists, African Americans, Hispanics, Asian Americans, artists, writers, investigative reporters, judges, the owners of food trucks, and prison inmates Illustrates the importance of eating and food through speeches, letters, diaries, memoirs, newspaper and magazine articles, illustrations, photographs, song lyrics, advertisements, legislative statutes, court rulings, interviews, manifestoes, government reports, and recipes Offers a new way of exploring how people lived in the past by looking closely and imaginatively at food Food and Eating in America: A Documentary Reader is an ideal book for students of United States history, food, and the social sciences. It will also appeal to foodies and those with a curiosity for documentary-style books of all kinds.


Series Editors Preface xii Series Editors Preface xii Part I: An Appetizer: What Food and Eating Tell Us About America 1 Part II: Hunting, Harvesting, Starving, and the Occasional Feast: Food in Early America 9 Chapter 1 Food in the New World: Pre ]Columbian Era through the American Revolution 11 Document 1.1: The Cherokee Creation Story, How the World Was Made, Wahnenauhi Version 11 Document 1.2: John Smith s History of the Starving Times at Jamestown Colony (1609) 13 Document 1.3: English Artist John White s drawings of Native Americans fishing, cooking, and preparing corn (1580s) 15 Document 1.4: Edward Winslow on the First Thanksgiving, 1621 18 Document 1.5: A Micmac Perspective on Europeans Way of Life, near Quebec (c. 1677) 21 Document 1.6: John Winthrop, Jr., Report to the Royal Society of London on Indian Corn (1662) 23 Document 1.7: Observations on American Vegetables Versus English Vegetables, from John Josselyn, New ]England s Rarities Discovered (1672), and Francis Higginson, New ]England s Plantation (1630) 25 Document 1.8: A Soldier s Perspective on the Revolutionary War, Selections from the Memoir of Private Joseph Plumb Martin (1777) 27 Document 1.9: A General s Perspective: A Letter from General Horatio Gates to Major General Caswell (August 3, 1780) 30 Document 1.10: Selections from The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin (1791) on Communal Eating and Vegetarianism 31 Chapter 2 Food, Foodways, and Conflict in the Early Republic 34 Document 2.1: Amelia Simmons, American Cookery (1796), Preface, and Selected Recipes 34 Document 2.2: The Preface, Introduction, and Assorted Recipes from Mary Randolph, The Virginia House ]Wife (1824) 36 Document 2.3: Unidentified artist, Benjamin Hawkins and the Creek Indians (Painting, c. 1805) 41 Document 2.4: John Lewis Krimmel, The Quilting Frolic (Painting, 1813) 42 Document 2.5: Excerpt from Joseph Doddridge, Notes on the Settlement and Indian Wars of the Western Parts of Pennsylvania and Virginia (1824), Chapter 5, Beasts and Birds 44 Document 2.6: Selections from English Phrenologist George Combe, Notes on the United States During a Phrenological Visit in 1838 9 40, vol. II. (1841) 45 Document 2.7: A Variation of the Lyrics of Home Sweet Home, a Popular Song of the Early Republic (c. 1830) 47 Part III: Fields and Foods in the Nineteenth Century 49 Chapter 3 Slavery and Food in the Old South 51 Document 3.1: Selections from Frederick Douglass, Memoirs on Food and Slavery (1845) 51 Document 3.2: Excerpts from Harriet Jacobs, Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl (1861) on Slaves Weekly Rations, Punishments for Slaves Stealing Food from Master, and Slave Taste Testers for Master 55 Document 3.3: Images of the Antebellum South 56 Document 3.4: Excerpts from Daniel R. A. C. Hundley, Social Relations in Our Southern States (1860) 59 Document 3.5: Selections from Planter James Battle Avirett, The Old Plantation: How We Lived in Great House and Cabin Before the War (1901) 62 Document 3.6: Excerpts from William H. Robinson, From Log Cabin to the Pulpit, or Fifteen Years in Slavery (1913) 65 Document 3.7: Excerpts from Allen Parker, Recollections of Slavery Times (1895) 67 Chapter 4 Agriculture and Food in the Age of Reform 70 Document 4.1: Advice on Farm Management, from The New England Farmer and Horticultural Journal (1828) 70 Document 4.2: Selections from Medicus, The Oracle of Health and Long Life Containing Plain and Practical Instructions for the Preservation of Sound Health (1837) 72 Document 4.3: Selections from Lydia Maria Child, The American Frugal Housewife (1829) 75 Document 4.4: Excerpts from Sylvester Graham, A Defence of the Graham System of Living (1837) 77 Document 4.5: The Mormon Word of Wisdom (1833) 82 Document 4.6: Political Cartoon: A Member of the Temperance Society (c. 1833) 84 Document 4.7: Family Dietary Advice from William Andrus Alcott, The Young Wife (1837) 85 Chapter 5 Food on the Frontier 88 Document 5.1: Thomas Jefferson s Agrarian Ideal, from Notes on the State of Virginia (1785) 88 Document 5.2: Excerpt from Judge William Cooper, A Guide in the Wilderness (1810) 91 Document 5.3: Food in the West with Lewis and Clark (From their Journals, 1804) 92 Document 5.4: Selections from The Diary of Patrick Breen (1846) 96 Document 5.5: Gold Rush Food: Selections from Lansford W. Hastings, The Emigrants Guide to Oregon and California (1845) and Elisha Douglas Perkins, Gold Rush Diary (1849) 98 Document 5.6: Advertisement for Cyrus McCormick s Mechanical Reaper (1846) 101 Chapter 6 The Civil War (1861 1865) 103 Document 6.1: Selections from the Diary of Louis Leon (CSA) 103 Document 6.2: The Confederate Right to Impress Food, a selection from A Bill to Provide Supplies for the Army and to Prescribe the Mode of Making Impressments (1864) 105 Document 6.3: Photograph of Hardtack 106 Document 6.4: A Dangerous Novelty in Memphis, cartoon by Frank Bellew, Harper s Weekly (1862) 107 Document 6.5: Photographs of Prisoners Liberated from Confederate Prisons (1865) 109 Chapter 7 Food Reborn: Immigration, Urbanization, and Eating (1857 1905) 111 Document 7.1: Observations of Food and Cooking in Texas: Frederick Law Olmsted, A Journey Through Texas (1857) 111 Document 7.2: Documents on Irish Immigration from Mary Anne Sadlier, Bessy Conway; or, The Irish Girl in America (1885) and John O Hanlon, The Irish Emigrant s Guide for the United States (1861) 113 Document 7.3: Recipes for Broth in haste, Cheap white, and Tongue, Braised, with Aspic Jelly, from Lafcadio Hearn, Creole Cookbook (1887) 116 Document 7.4: Platform of the Populist Party (1892) 118 Document 7.5: Cooking Utensils for Sale in the 1912 Sears, Roebuck and Co. Catalog 119 Document 7.6: Ernest H. Crosby, Letter to The New York Times on Vegetarianism (1905) 121 Part IV: Feeding a Modern World: Revolutions in Farming, Food, and Famine 125 Chapter 8 The Progressive Era and Food 127 Document 8.1: Samuel Gompers, Meat vs. Rice: American Manhood Against Asiatic Coolieism, Which Shall Survive (1901) 127 Document 8.2: The Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906 (1906) 129 Document 8.3: Riots in Newark Over Meat Boycott, The New York Times (1910) 132 Document 8.4: Girls Canning Clubs from the Wyoming Farm Bulletin (1914) 135 Document 8.5: Lyrics to the Song, Hoover s Goin to Get You! (1918) 137 Document 8.6: Excerpts from Christine Frederick, The New Housekeeping, Ladies Home Journal (1912) 139 Document 8.7: LuAnn Jones, Work Was My Pleasure: An Oral History of Nellie Stancil Langley (1991) 146 Document 8.8: HOT Hamburger: Just Off the Griddle (1926) 149 Chapter 9 The Great Depression 151 Document 9.1: Oscar Heline, farmer from Iowa, interviewed by Studs Terkel in Hard Times (1970) 151 Document 9.2: John Steinbeck, The Harvest of Gypsies, San Francisco Chronicle (1936) 155 Document 9.3: Excerpt from Kathy Mays Smith, Gold Medal: CCC Company 1538, A Documentary (2001) 160 Document 9.4: Lynn ]Pgh, Recipe for Depression Cake (circa 1935) 162 Document 9.5: President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Address (1935) 163 Chapter 10 World War II and the Food and Government Revolution 170 Document 10.1: Office of Price Administration, How to Use Your War Ration Book (1943) 170 Document 10.2: Clive McCay, Eat Well to Work Well: The Lunch Box Should Carry a Hearty Meal, in War Emergency Bulletin No. 38 (1942) 172 Document 10.3: World War II Era Advertisement, Have a Coke = Good Winds Have Blown You Here (1943) 175 Document 10.4: The Official Bracero Agreement, For the Temporary Migration of Mexican Agricultural Workers to the United States (1942) 178 Document 10.5: Excerpt from Jeanne Wakatsuki Houston and James D. Houston, Farewell to Manzanar (1973), 35 38 183 Chapter 11 The Postwar Food Revolution(s) of Suburban America 187 Document 11.1: Photograph of Super Giant Supermarket, Rockville, Maryland (1964) 187 Document 11.2: Excerpt from Emily Post, Restaurant Etiquette in Etiquette: The Blue Book of Social Usage (1957) 189 Document 11.3: Excerpt from Rachel Carson, Silent Spring (1962) 196 Document 11.4: Swanson Advertisement, Everybody Wins (1963) 201 Document 11.5: Excerpts from Norman Borlaug s lecture The Green Revolution, Peace, and Humanity, Delivered Upon Receiving the Nobel Peace Prize (1970) 203 Document 11.6: Margaret Visser, A Meditation on the Microwave, Psychology Today (1989) 212 Chapter 12 Eating Civil Rights 217 Document 12.1: Announcement of New Segregated Restaurant Law, Birmingham Age ]Herald (1914) 217 Document 12.2: Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party, Food for Fight for Freedom (1965) 219 Document 12.3: Black Panther Party, To Feed Our Children, The Black Panther (1969) 224 Document 12.4: Eliseo Medina, Why A Grape Boycott? (circa 1969) 226 Document 12.5: Ralph Johnson and Patricia Reed, What s Wrong with Soul Food, The Black Collegian (1981) 230 Document 12.6: Marlon Brando, S.F. Cleric Arrested for Fishing Illegally, Seattle Daily Times (1964) 233 Document 12.7: Vietnamese Fishermen s Association, et al., Plaintiffs, v. The Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, et al., Defendants. Civ. A. No. H ]81 ]895. United States District Court, S. D. Texas, Houston Division (1981) 236 Document 12.8: Press Release: T.G.I. Friday s (R) to Bring Magic Brand of Restaurants to Urban Communities (1998) 245 Chapter 13 The Counterculture and the Lunch Counter 248 Document 13.1: Excerpts from Gordon and Phyllis Grabe, The Hippie Cookbook or Don t Eat Your Food Stamps (1970) 248 Document 13.2: Kit Leder, Women in the Communes, Women: A Journal of Liberation (1969) 251 Document 13.3: Excerpt from Carol Adams, The Sexual Politics of Meat: A Feminist ]Vegetarian Critical Theory, 20th Anniversary Edition (2010) 255 Document 13.4: Hanna Rosin, The Evil Empire: The Scoop on Ben & Jerry s Crunchy Capitalism, The New Republic (1995) 257 Document 13.5: Bryant Simon, Why Starbucks Lost its Mojo, Christian Science Monitor (2005) 262 Chapter 14 Cheap Food, Cheap Calories 266 Document 14.1: Centers for Disease Control Maps of the Obesity Trend in the United States (1985 2010) 266 Document 14.2: Excerpt from Judge Robert Sweet Opinion in Pelman v. McDonald s Corp. (2003) 268 Document 14.3: Michael Pollan, Down on the Industrial Organic Farm, The New York Times Magazine (2001) 275 Document 14.4: Avi Solomon, Working Undercover in a Slaughterhouse: An Interview with Timothy Pachirat, Boing, Boing (2008) 281 Document 14.5: Statement of Sarah C. White, Member, United Food and Commercial Workers Local 1529 (1990) 286 Document 14.6: Excerpt from Sarah Wu, also known as Mrs. Q., Fed Up with Lunch: How One Anonymous Teacher Revealed the Truth about School Lunches And How We Can Change Them! (2011) 287 Document 14.7: Excerpt from Fat Liberation Manifesto (1973) 293 Chapter 15 Foodies and the Complexities of Consumption 297 Document 15.1: Menu from Spago Restaurant (1987) 297 Document 15.2: Andrew Chan, La Grande Bouffe : Cooking Shows as Pornography, Gastronomica (2003) 299 Document 15.3: Rabbi Nahum Ward-Lev and Shelley Mann-Lev, Keeping Eco ]kosher (1990) 303 Document 15.4: Mill Creek Farm s Mission Statement and Values (2017) 306 Document 15.5: Excerpt from Gustavo Arellano, Taco USA: How Mexican Food Conquered America (2014) 309 Document 15.6: Rachel Kuo, The Feminist Guide to Being a Foodie Without Being Culturally Appropriative, from (2015) 312 Document: 15.7: Photograph of People Waiting for Korean Tacos from the Kogi Truck, Torrance, CA (2009) 319 Document 15.8: Greg Wright, French Fries, Mais Non, Congress Calls em Freedom Fries , USA Today (2003) 320 Document 15.9: Kayleigh Rogers, When Prison Food is Punishment, from the blog Motherboard (2015) 323 Index 328

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9781118936399
  • Format: Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 352
  • ID: 9781118936399
  • weight: 506
  • ISBN10: 1118936396

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