In the decade since the signing of the Ottawa Treaty, which banned the production and use of anti-personnel mines, governments have spent over $3 billion on clearing up and mitigating the security threat of mines, cluster munitions and other unexploded ordnance in the world's current and former war zones. However, this flow of cash into regions dominated by violent social structures raises numerous political issues. Through detailed archival and field research, this book explores the politics behind the allocation and implementation of foreign aid by the US and Norway for demining in Afghanistan, Bosnia and Sudan. It is an essential resource for practitioners and policymakers working in the field of landmine clearance and for students and researchers of Development Studies and post-war reconstruction.
Matthew Bolton is a freelance writer, researcher and aid worker. He holds a PhD in Government from the London School of Economics.
Abbreviations Acknowledgements Introduction 1. A Political History of Mine Action 2. The New Complexes Governing Insecurity 3. Donor Policymaking in the US and Norway 4. Implementation in Afghanistan, Bosnia and Sudan 5. Comparing the Performance of Tenders and Grants 6. Impact on Peacebuilding Conclusion and Reflections Photographs Notes Select Bibliography Interviews Index