Forensic archaeology is mostly defined as the use of archaeological methods and principles within a legal context. However, such a definition only covers one aspect of forensic archaeology and misses the full potential this discipline has to offer. This volume is unique in that it contains 57 chapters from experienced forensic archaeological practitioners working in different countries, intergovernmental organisations or NGO s. It shows that the practice of forensic archaeology varies worldwide as a result of diverse historical, educational, legal and judicial backgrounds. The chapters in this volume will be an invaluable reference to (forensic) archaeologists, forensic anthropologists, humanitarian and human rights workers, forensic scientists, police officers, professionals working in criminal justice systems and all other individuals who are interested in the potential forensic archaeology has to offer at scenes of crime or places of incident. This volume promotes the development of forensic archaeology worldwide.
In addition, it proposes an interpretative framework that is grounded in archaeological theory and methodology, integrating affiliated behavioural and forensic sciences.
Mike Groen is a Forensic Archaeologist at the Netherlands Forensic Institute (NFI), the Netherlands, and lectures in Forensic Archaeology, Human OsteoArchaeology and Taphonomy at several Dutch universities. He is currently (2015) Chair of the Forensic Archaeology Project Group within the European Network of Forensic Science Institutes (ENFSI). Nicholas Marquez-Grant is Course Director in Forensic Archaeology and Anthropology at Cranfield Forensic Institute, Cranfield University, UK. He is also a Research Fellow at the School of Anthropology and Museum Ethnography, University of Oxford, UK. As a forensic practitioner, he has acted as an expert witness in Forensic Anthropology and Archaeology. Robert Janaway is a Lecturer in Forensic and Archaeological Sciences and Course Director for Forensic Archaeology and Crime Scene Investigation at Bradford University, UK. He has acted as a forensic archaeologist and has conducted research in forensic taphonomy for over 25 years and is currently (2015) Chair of the Chartered Institute for Archaeologists (CIfA) Forensic Archaeology Expert Panel.
Biographies of editors ix Biographies of contributors xi Foreword by Clyde Collins Snow xxvii Foreword by Jeremy Sarkin xxxv Foreword by Colin Hope xli Preface by W.J. Mike Groen xliii Acknowledgments xlv Glossary of abbreviations xlvii Introduction li W.J. Mike Groen Nicholas Marquez-Grant and Robert C. Janaway Part 1 Europe 1 Forensic archaeology and anthropology in Austria 3 Fabian Kanz and Jan Cemper-Kiesslich 2 DVI Belgium: victim identification and necrosearch 9 Birgit Van Denhouwe and Eline M.J. Schotsmans 3 Bosnia and Herzegovina: forensic archaeology in support of national and international organisations undertaking criminal investigations and identifying the missing from 1996 to 2013 19 Ian Hanson Adnan Rizvic and Thomas J. Parsons 4 Forensic archaeology in Bulgaria problems and perspectives 33 Ilian Boyanov 5 Croatia (Hrvatska): from WWII and the 1991 war to contemporary forensic cases 39 Mario laus and Anja Petaros 6 Forensic archaeology in the Czech Republic 47 Petr Veleminsky Milu e Dobisikova Eli ka Maxova and Jana Veleminska 7 Forensic archaeology in Denmark 55 Marie Louise Jorkov and Niels Lynnerup 8 Forensic archaeology in the French context: the role of the Forensic Sciences Institute of the French National Gendarmerie 59 Yves Schuliar Patrice Georges Florent Ducrettet Franck Nolot and Jean Richebe 9 The Working Group Forensic Archaeology at the German Bundeskriminalamt 67 Ralf Neumann Karsten Klenke and Andrea Fischer 10 Forensic archaeology in Greece 77 Konstantinos Moraitis and Constantine Eliopoulos 11 Forensic archaeology and anthropology in Hungary: current trends and future perspectives 83 Eva Susa Kinga Ery Laszlo Kovacs Matyas Szo ke and Maria Molnos 12 Forensic archaeology in Italy: the difficult birth of a discipline 91 Matteo Borrini 13 Forensic archaeology in Lithuania 99 Rimantas Jankauskas 14 Forensic archaeology in the Netherlands: uncovering buried and scattered evidence 109 Roosje de Leeuwe and W.J. Mike Groen 15 Forensic archaeology in Poland: theory and practice 121 Maciej Trzciniski and Tomasz Borkowski 16 Forensic archaeology in Romania: present and future of a new discipline 129 Annamaria Diana 17 Forensic archaeology in the Russian Federation 139 Alexey Abramov Elizaveta Veselovskaya Alexey Dolgov Asya V. Engovatova Maria B. Mednikova Sergey Nikitin and Azrat Safarov 18 Forensic archaeology in Serbia: from exhumation to excavation 149 Marija Djuric iand Andrej Starovic i 19 Forensic archaeology in the Slovak Republic 159 Son a Masnicova Radoslav Ben u and Zuzana Obertova 20 Inclusion of archaeology in criminal investigations Slovenia 165 Pavel Jamnik 21 The use of archaeology in the criminal and medico-legal context in Spain 173 Nicholas Marquez-Grant Miguel Angel Vazquez Diaz and Raquel Melendez Gonzalez 22 Forensic archaeology and anthropology in Switzerland 183 Sandra Losch Christian Jackowski and Christian Zingg 23 Introduction to forensic archaeology in the United Kingdom 189 John Hunter and Cecily Cropper 24 Forensic archaeology in the United Kingdom and quality assurance 197 Robert C. Janaway 25 Forensic archaeology: the European collaboration 207 W.J. Mike Groen Part 2 The Americas 26 Forensic archaeology and anthropology in Brazil 215 Marco Aurelio Guimaraes Raffaela Arrabaca Francisco Rafael de Abreu e Souza and Martin Paul Evison 27 Canadian forensic archaeology: a Mari Usque ad Mare ad hoc 223 Derek Congram 28 A brief account of the past and present circumstances of forensic archaeology in Costa Rica 231 Roxana Ferllini 29 Forensic archaeology in Mexico: the intermittent and unfinished application of the forensic archaeological techniques and methods 239 Carlos Jacome Hernandez and Lilia Escorcia Hernandez 30 Forensic scientific practice in Panama 247 Ann H. Ross and Jose Vicente Pachar Lucio 31 Forensic archaeology in the United States 255 Luis L. Cabo and Dennis C. Dirkmaat 32 Forensic archaeology and the recovery of human remains in Venezuela 271 Livia Margarita Munoz Andrade Part 3 Africa Asia and Oceania 33 The use of (forensic) archaeology in Australia in the search and recovery of buried evidence: a review 279 Soren Blau and Jon Sterenberg 34 Forensic archaeology: an Indian perspective 287 Anil Aggrawal 35 Forensic archaeology in Lebanon 293 Lynn Maalouf and Rita Clovis Maalouf 36 Forensic sciences in Libya and mass grave investigation 301 Amin Attia Alemam 37 Forensic archaeology in Nepal 309 Susan Appleyard 38 The current status of forensic archaeology in New Zealand 319 Edward Ashby and Beatrice Hudson 39 The archaeological investigation of crime scenes and humanitarian cases that involve graves and human remains in South Africa 327 W. Coen Nienaber 40 Anthropology module of Mass ID Manager (MIM) in the Republic of Korea: potential for forensic archaeology 337 Nak-Eun Chung Yi-Suk Kim and U-Young Lee 41 Forensic archaeology: an introduction from the United Arab Emirates 349 Khudooma Saeed Al Naimi 42 The heroic and the hidden dead: Zimbabwe and exhumations 359 Shari Eppel Part 4 (Non-) Governmental Organisations 43 Forensic archaeology: the Argentinian way 369 Luis Fondebrider and Vivian Scheinsohn 44 Forensic archaeology and the Australian war dead 379 Denise Donlon Anthony Lowe and Brian Manns 45 Forensic archaeology in Chile: the contribution of the Chilean state to our memory truth and justice 389 Marisol Intriago Leiva Joyce Stockins Ramirez and Claudia Garrido Varas 46 The role of forensic archaeology in revealing the truth of Colombia s armed conflict: a critical perspective 399 Ana Carolina Guatame Garcia Carolina Puerto Valdivieso and Eileen Buitrago Perez 47 Forensic archaeology and the independent commission for the location of victims remains 407 Niamh A. McCullagh and Geoffrey C. Knupfer 48 Forensic archaeology and the International Commission on Missing Persons: setting standards in an integrated process 415 Ian Hanson 49 Forensic archaeology in humanitarian contexts; ICRC action and recommendations 427 Morris V. Tidball-Binz and Ute Hofmeister 50 The Inforce Foundation 439 Roland Wessling 51 Forensic archaeology underwater: JPAC s inventory investigation and recovery of US casualties of war from submerged sites 453 Andrew T. Pietruszka 52 Forensic archaeology in Peru: between science and human rights activism 463 Jose Pablo Baraybar and Franco Mora 53 Physicians for human rights: the role of forensic archaeology in transitional justice contexts 471 Stefan Schmitt Amanda Sozer Gillian Fowler and Dallas Mazoori 54 Recovering memories of the Portuguese Colonial War through forensic anthropology 479 Eugenia Cunha Maria Teresa Ferreira Sonia Codinha Goncalo Carnim Carina Marques and Claudia Umbelino 55 Contemporary exhumations in Spain: recovering the missing from the Spanish Civil War 489 Francisco Etxeberria Lourdes Herrasti Fernando Serrulla and Nicholas Marquez-Grant 56 The development of forensic archaeology and anthropology by the Uruguayan Forensic Anthropology Team 499 Jose M. Lopez Mazz and Alicia Lusiardo 57 The Returning Casualty: the excavation of a communist re-education camp cemetery at Lang Da Yen Bai Province Vietnam 507 Julie Martin Part 5 Concluding Remarks Concluding remarks 517 W.J. Mike Groen Nicholas Marquez-Grant and Robert C. Janaway Index 537
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