Large-scale population transfers are immensely disruptive. Interestingly, though, their legal status has shifted considerably over time. In this book, Umut Ozsu situates population transfer within the broader history of international law by examining its emergence as a legally formalized mechanism of nation-building in the early twentieth century. The book's principal focus is the 1922-34 compulsory exchange of minorities between Greece and Turkey, a crucially important endeavour whose legal dimensions remain under-scrutinized. Drawing upon historical sociology and economic history in addition to positive international law, the book interrogates received assumptions about international law's history by exploring the 'semi-peripheral' context within which legally formalized population transfers came to arise. Supported by the League of Nations, the 1922-34 population exchange reconfigured the demographic composition of Greece and Turkey with the aim of stabilizing a region that was regarded ne
Umut OEzsu is an Assistant Professor of Law at the University of Manitoba. His research interests lie principally in public international law, the history and theory of international law, and socio-legal studies.
Introduction ; 1. The Ottoman Empire and the International Law of Minority Protection, 1815-1923 ; 2. Early Experiments in Population Transfer, 1913-9 ; 3. 'A Subject Which Excites the Deepest Interest Throughout the Civilised World': Legal Diplomacy at the Conference of Lausanne ; 4. Humanitarianism, the World Court, and the Relation between Domestic and International Law ; Conclusion