Foundations of Clinical Research: Applications to Practice, 3/e serves as a comprehensive reference for a variety of research situations. This edition reflects the contemporary focus on evidence-based practice in health care, and the essential concepts for understanding analysis and research design. Expanded topics include measures of diagnostic accuracy, statistical estimates of validity and reliability, systematic reviews and meta-analysis, search strategies and critical appraisal of literature for clinical decision making and development of research. Written for those in the health professions, including physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, nursing, and exercise physiology, this text will be useful to developing clinicians, practitioners, graduate students and researchers.
Part I: Foundations of Clinical Research1. A Concept of Clinical Research2. The Role of Theory in Clinical Research3. Ethical Issues in Clinical Research Part II: Concepts of Measurement4. Principles of Measurement5. Reliability of Measurements6. Validity of Measurements Part III: Designing Clinical Research7. Asking the Research Question8. Sampling9. Validity in Experimental Design10. Experimental Designs11. Quasi-Experimental Designs12. Single Subject Designs13. Exploratory Research: Observational Designs14. Descriptive Research15. Surveys and Questionnaires16. Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Part IV: Data Analysis17. Descriptive Analysis18. Statistical Inference19. Comparing Two Means: The t-test20. Comparing More Than Two Means: Analysis of Variance21. Multiple Comparison Tests22. Nonparametric Tests for Group Comparisons23. Correlation24. Regression25. Measures of Association for Categorical Variables: Chi-Square26. Statistical Measures of Reliability27. Statistical Measures of Validity28. Epidemiology: Measures of Risk29. Multivariate Analysis30. Data Management