France's presence on the African continent has often been presented as 'cooperation' and part of French cultural policy by policy-makers in Paris - and quite as often been denounced as 'the longest scandal of the republic' by French academics and African intellectuals. Between the last years of French colonialism and France's sustained interventions in former African colonies such as Chad or Cote d'Ivoire during the 2000s, the legacy of French colonialism has shaped the historical trajectory of more than a dozen countries and societies in Africa. The complexities of this story are now, for the first time, addressed in a comprehensive series of essays, based on new research by a group of specialists in French colonial history. The book addresses the needs of both academic specialists and those of students of history and neighbouring disciplines looking for structural analysis of key themes in France's and Africa's shared history. -- .
Tony Chafer is Professor of Contemporary French Studies at the University of Portsmouth; Alexander Keese is a Visiting Scholar at the University of Portsmouth -- .
Introduction - Tony Chafer and Alexander Keese Part I: Zero hour approaches 1. Gaston Defferre's Loi-Cadre and its application, 1956-57: last chance for a French African 'empire-state' or blueprint for decolonisation? - Martin Shipway 2. A Vocation for Independence: Guinean Nationalism in the 1950s - Mairi MacDonald 3. French officials and the insecurities of change in sub-Saharan Africa: Dakar, 19 August 1960 re-visited - Alexander Keese Part II: Military transitions 4. 'Saving French West Africa': The French army, African soldiers and military propaganda during the 1950s - Ruth Ginio 5. The French Army and Malian Independence (1956-1961) - Vincent Joly 6. Transfer of Military Power in Mauritania: From Ecouvillon to Lamentin (1956-1978) - Camille Evrard Part III: Continuities and Connections 7. Franco-African Security Relations at Fifty: Writing Violence, Security, and the Geopolitical Imaginary - Bruno Charbonneau 8. French cooperation in the field of education (1960-1980): A story of disillusionment - Samy Mesli 9. Jacques Foccart: Eminence grise for African affairs - Jean-Pierre Bat Part IV: Anglo-French Relations 10. Whitehall, the French Community and the Year of Africa: Negotiating post-independence diplomacy in West Africa - Melanie Torrent 11. A Transnational Decolonisation: Britain, France and the Rhodesian Problem, 1965-1969 - Joanna Warson Part V: Nationalist trajectories, border issues and conflicted memories 12. The Changing Boundaries of Resistance: The UPC and France in Cameroonian History and Memory - Thomas Sharp 13. A fragmented and forgotten decolonisation: The end of European empires in the Sahara and their legacy - Berny Sebe 14. Through the prism of the cinquantenaire: Cote d'Ivoire between refondation and Houphouet's legacy - Kathrin Heitz 15. Chad's political violence at 50: Bullets, ballots and bases - David Styan Index -- .