When the military's ruling party violently quashed Burma's pro-democracy movement, diplomatic condemnation quickly followed-to little effect. But when Burma's activists began linking the movement to others around the world, the result was dramatically different. This book is the first to explain how Burma's pro-democracy movement became a transnational social movement for human rights. Through the experience of the Free Burma movement, John G. Dale demonstrates how social movements create and appropriate legal mechanisms for generating new transnational political opportunities. He presents three corporate accountability campaigns waged by the Free Burma movement. The cases focus on the legislation of "Free Burma"laws in local governments throughout the United States; the effort to force the state of California to de-charter Unocal Oil Corporation for its flagrant abuse of human rights; and the first-ever use of the U.S. Alien Tort Claims Act to sue a corporation in a U.S. court for human rights abuses committed abroad. Dale's work also raises the issue of how foreign policies of so-called constructive engagement actually pose a threat to the hope of Burma's activists-and others worldwide-for more democratic economic development.
John G. Dale is assistant professor of sociology and affiliate faculty of the Institute for Conflict Analysis and Resolution at George Mason University.
Preface Abbreviations Introduction: Theorizing Transnational Legal Action Part I. The Emergence and Transformation of Burma's Democracy Movement 1. Burma's Struggle for Democracy and Human Rights before 1988 2. Locating Power in the Free Burma Movement Part II. Transnational Legal Action and Corporate Accountability in Three Types of Campaigns 3. "Free Burma Laws": Legislating Transnational Sanctions 4. Corporate "Death Penalty": Executing Charter Revocation 5. Alien Tort Claims: Adjudicating Human Rights Abuses Abroad Conclusion: Where Do We Go from Here? Acknowledgments Notes Select Bibliography of Key Legal Documents Index