Frequency and the Emergence of Linguistic Structure (Typological Studies in Language 45)

Frequency and the Emergence of Linguistic Structure (Typological Studies in Language 45)

By: Paul J. Hopper (editor), Joan L. Bybee (editor)Paperback

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Description

A mainstay of functional linguistics has been the claim that linguistic elements and patterns that are frequently used in discourse become conventionalized as grammar. This book addresses the two issues that are basic to this claim: first, the question of what types of elements are frequently used in discourse and second, the question of how frequency of use affects cognitive representations. Reporting on evidence from natural conversation, diachronic change, variability, child language acquisition and psycholinguistic experimentation the original articles in this book support two major principles. First, the content of people's interactions consists of a preponderance of subjective, evaluative statements, dominated by the use of pronouns, copulas and intransitive clauses. Second, the frequency with which certain items and strings of items are used has a profound influence on the way language is broken up into chunks in memory storage, the way such chunks are related to other stored material and the ease with which they are accessed to produce new utterances.

Contents

1. Introduction to frequency and the emergence of linguistic structure (by Bybee, Joan L.); 2. Part I: Patterns of Use; 3. Transitivity, clause structure, and argument structure: Evidence from conversation (by Thompson, Sandra A.); 4. Local patterns of subjectivity in person and verb type in American English coversation (by Scheibman, Joanne); 5. Paths to prepositions? A corpus-based study of the acquisition of a lexico-grammatical category (by Hallan, Naomi); 6. Part II: Word-level frequency effects; 7. Lexical diffusion, lexical frequency, and lexical analysis (by Phillips, Betty S.); 8. Exemplar dynamics: Word frequency, lenition and contrast (by Pierrehumbert, Janet B.); 9. Emergent phonotactic generalizations in English and Arabic (by Frisch, Stefan A.); 10. Ambiguity and frequency effects in regular verb inflection (by Hare, Mary L.); 11. Frequency, regularity and the paradigm: A perspective from Russian on a complex relation (by Corbett, Greville G.); 12. Part III: Phrases and constructions; 13. Probabilistic relations between words: Evidence from reduction in lexical production (by Jurafsky, Daniel); 14. Frequency effects and word-boundary palatization in English (by Bush, Nathan); 15. The role of frequency in the realization of English that (by Berkenfield, Catie); 16. Frequency, iconicity, categorization: Evidence from emerging modals (by Krug, Manfred G.); 17. Frequency effects on French liaison (by Bybee, Joan L.); 18. The role of frequency in the specialization of the English anterior (by Smith, K. Aaron); 19. Hypercorrect pronoun case in English? Cognitive processes that account for pronoun usage (by Boyland, Joyce Tang); 20. Variability, frequency, and productivity in the irrealis domain of French (by Poplack, Shana); 21. Part IV: General; 22. Familiarity, information flow, and linguistic form (by Fenk-Oczlon, Gertraud); 23. Emergentist approaches to language (by MacWhinney, Brian); 24. Inflationary effects in language and elsewhere (by Dahl, Osten); 25. Subject index; 26. Name index

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9789027229489
  • Format: Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 492
  • ID: 9789027229489
  • weight: 690
  • ISBN10: 9027229481

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