A Jew in a violently anti-Semitic world, Sigmund Freud was forced to cope with racism even in the "serious" medical literature of the fin de siecle, which described Jews as inherently pathological and sexually degenerate. In this provocative book, Sander L. Gilman argues that Freud's internalizing of these images of racial difference shaped the questions of psychoanalysis. Examining a variety of scientific writings, Gilman discusses the prevailing belief that male Jews were "feminized," as stated outright by Jung and others, and concludes that Freud dealt with his anxiety about himself as a Jew by projecting it onto other cultural "inferiors"--such as women. Gilman's fresh view of the origins of psychoanalysis challenges those who separate Freud's revolutionary theories from his Jewish identity.
Sander L. Gilman is the Henry R. Luce Professor of the Liberal Arts in Human Biology at the University of Chicago. He holds positions there as Professor of Germanic Studies and Professor of Psychiatry and is a member of the Fishbein Center for the History of Science and the Committee on Jewish Studies. He is a cultural and literary historian and the author or editor of over forty books.
List of IllustrationsPrefaceIntroduction: Freud's Jewish Identity and Its Interpretation3Ch. 1Sigmund Freud and the Epistemology of Race12Freud and Race12The Mind of the Jew23The Transmutation of the Rhetoric of Race into the Construction of Gender36Ch. 2The Construction of the Male Jew49The Indelibility of Circumcision49Reading the Meaning of Circumcision56Circumcision and Disease60Freud and Circumcision70Ch. 3Jewish Madness and Gender93The Predisposition of Jews to Specific Forms of Mental Illness93Trauma and Trains: The Testing Ground of Masculinity113Reading Insanity: Male Homosexuality and the Rhetoric of Race132Conclusion: Systemic Diseases: Cancer and Anti-Semitism169Whose Cancer Is It, Anyway? Freud's Male Body as the Locus of Disease169The Circumcised Body as the Precipitating Factor for a Social Disease: Males and Anti-Semitism179Notes201Index267