U.S. Frontiers of Engineering (USFOE) symposia bring together 100 outstanding engineers (ages 30 to 45) to exchange information about leading-edge technologies in a range of engineering fields. The 2007 symposium covered engineering trustworthy computer systems, control of protein conformations, biotechnology for fuels and chemicals, modulating and simulating human behavior, and safe water technologies. Papers in this volume describe leading-edge research on disparate tools in software security, decoding the "mechanome," corn-based materials, modeling human cultural behavior, water treatment by UV irradiation, and many other topics. A speech by dinner speaker Dr. Henrique (Rico) Malvar, managing director of Microsoft Research, is also included. Appendixes provide information about contributors, the symposium program, summaries of break-out sessions, and a list of participants. This is the thirteenth volume in the USFOE series.
National Academy of Engineering of the National Academies
1 Front Matter; 2 Engineering Trustworthy Computer Systems; 3 Introduction--Ana I. Anton and John Dunagan; 4 Privacy in a Networked World--Rebecca N. Wright; 5 Unifying Disparate Tools in Software Security--Greg Morrisett; 6 Usable Security: Oxymoron or Challenge?--Diana K. Smetters; 7 Control of Protein Conformations; 8 Introduction--Donald J. Leo; 9 The Evolutionary Design of Proteins--Rama Ranganathan; 10 Lighting Up the Mechanome--Matthew J. Lang; 11 Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals; 12 Introduction--Richard T. Elander and Vijay Singh; 13 Corn-Based Materials--Sanjay V. Malhotra, Vineet Kumar, Anthony East, and Michael Jaffe; 14 Process Review of Lignocellulose Biochemical Conversion to Fuel Ethanol--Bruce S. Dien; 15 Sustainable Biorefineries--Carina Maria Alles and Robin Jenkins; 16 Modeling and Simulating Human Behavior; 17 Introduction--Christian Lebiere and Robert Wray; 18 Computational Cognitive Neuroscience and Its Applications--Laurent Itti; 19 Barriers, Bridges, and Progress in Cognitive Modeling for Military Applications--Kevin A. Gluck; 20 Modeling of Culturally Affected Human Behavior--Michael van Lent, Mark Core, Steve Solomon, Milton Rosenberg, Ryan McAlinden, and Paul Carpenter; 21 Safe Water Technologies; 22 Introduction--Carol R. Rego and Paul K. Westerhoff; 23 Ultraviolet Irradiation: An Age-Old Emerging Technology for Water Treatment--Karl G. Linden; 24 Membrane Processes to Address the Global Challenge of Desalination--Amy E. Childress; 25 Biological Treatments of Drinking Water--Jess C. Brown; 26 Distribution Systems: The Next Frontier--Vanessa L. Speight; 27 Appendixes; 28 Breakout Sessions; 29 Contributors; 30 Program; 31 Participants