This collection of papers on functional syntax shows the development of a specific stream of functional linguistics initiated by Susumu Kuno of Harvard University. Inspired by Prague School linguists such as Jan Firbas and Vilem Mathesius, Kuno developed a more comprehensive and theory-oriented approach and linked it with the American formalist approach of generative grammar.
His approach is thus a unique combination of functionalism and formalism that constantly urges the promotion of interactions between these two major trends in linguistics. The papers in this collection coherently deal with functional aspects of linguistics from a wide variety of perspectives such as theoretical, applicational, experimental and diachronic aspects, incorporating the functional concept advocated by Kuno.
1. Preface (by Kamio, Akio); 2. 1. Functional syntax; 3. A Comparison of postposed subjects in English and Italian (by Ward, Gregory); 4. A functional constraint on extraposition from NP (by Takami, Ken-ichi); 5. The speech act empathy hierarchy and Russian possessives (by Yokoyama, Olga T.); 6. Aspects of hypothetical meaning in Japanese conditionals (by Jacobsen, Wesley M.); 7. A context-based account of English passives with indefinite subjects (by Utsugi, Aiko); 8. Observations on three anaphoric expressions in Japanese (by Tomoda, Etsuko Kaburaki); 9. Qualification and point of view (by Guillemin-Flescher, Jacqueline); 10. 2. Other Functional Aspects of Language; 11. Towards a theory of desirability in conditional reasoning (by Akatsuka, Noriko); 12. Relative tense and absolute tense in adverbial adjuncts in Japanese (by Lee, Kiri); 13. Specific NP in scope (by Kennedy, Becky); 14. Some referential properties of English it and that (by Kamio, Akio); 15. The role of empathy in sentence production: A functional analysis of aphasic and normal elicited narratives in Japanese and English (by Menn, Lise); 16. Personal pronoun shift in Japanese: A case study in lexical change and point of view (by Whitman, John); 17. Subject Index; 18. Name Index