All set to become the standard reference on the topic, this book covers the most important procedures for chemical functionalization, making it an indispensable resource for all chemists, physicists, materials scientists and engineers entering or already working in the field. Expert authors share their knowledge on a wide range of different functional groups, including organic functional groups, hydrogen, halogen, nanoparticles and polymers.
Vasilios Georgakilas received his BSc in Chemistry in 1989 and his Ph.D in Organic Chemistry in 1998 from the University of Ioannina (Greece). He worked as a Postdoctoral Fellow at the University of Trieste (Italy) with Professor Maurizio Prato (2000-2002), as Research Associate at the Institute of Materials Science of N.C.S.R. "Demokritos" in Greece (1999-2000 & 2003-2010) and as Chemist at the Institute of Food Hygiene (Ministry of Agriculture & Food Development-Greece) (2004-2012). In 2013 he was appointed as Assistant Professor in the Materials Science Department of the University of Patras (Greece). His research focuses on the functionalization of carbon nanostructured materials (fullerene, carbon nanotubes, graphene, C dots) for application in catalysis, bionanotechnology, nanoelectronics.
Preface AN INTRODUCTION TO GRAPHENE Brief History of Graphite Graphene and Graphene Oxide Characterisation of Graphene COVALENT ATTACHMENT OF ORGANIC FUNCTIONAL GROUPS ON PRISTINE GRAPHENE Introduction Cycloaddition Reactions Addition of Free Radicals Nucleophilic Addition Electrophilic Addition on Graphene Organometallic Chemistry of Graphene Post Functionalization Reactions Conclusion ADDITION OF ORGANIC GROUPS THROUGH REACTIONS WITH OXYGEN SPECIES OF GRAPHENE OXIDE Introduction The Role of Carboxylic Acids of GO The Role of Hydroxyl Groups of GO Miscellaneous Additions The Role of Epoxide Groups of GO Post Functionalization of GO Conclusions CHEMICAL FUNCTIONALIZATION OF GRAPHENE FOR BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS Introduction Covalent Functionalization of Graphene Nanomaterials Non-covalent Functionalization of Graphene Graphene-Based Conjugates Prepared by a Combination of Covalent and Non-covalent Functionalization Conclusions IMMOBILIZATION OF ENZYMES AND OTHER BIOMOLECULES ON GRAPHENE Introduction Immobilization Approaches Applications of Immobilized Biomolecules Interactions between Enzymes and Nanomaterials Conclusions HALOGENATED GRAPHENES: EMERGING FAMILY OF TWO-DIMENSIONAL MATERIALS Introduction Synthesis of Halogenated Graphenes Characterization of Halogenated Graphenes Chemistry, Properties, and Applications of Fluorographene and Fluorinated Graphenes Chemistry and Properties of Chlorinated and Brominated Graphenes Other Interesting Properties of Halogenated Graphenes and Their Applications Halogenated Graphene?Graphene Heterostructures - Patterned Halogenation Conclusion and Future Prospects NONCOVALENT FUNCTIONALIZATION OF GRAPHENE Noncovalent Functionalization of Graphene - Theoretical Background Graphene-Ligand Noncovalent Interactions - Experiment Conclusions IMMOBILIZATION OF METAL AND METAL OXIDE NANOPARTICLES ON GRAPHENE Introduction Graphene Production Graphene Functionalized with Metal Nanoparticles (M-NPs) Graphene Functionalized with Metal Oxide Nanoparticles Graphene Functionalized with Magnetic NPs Conclusions FUNCTIONALIZATION OF GRAPHENE BY OTHER CARBON NANOSTRUCTURES Introduction Graphene - C60 Nanocomposites Graphene - CNT Hybrid Nanostructures Graphene - Carbon Nanospheres Graphene - Carbon Nitride Dots Hybrid Nanocomposite Conclusions DOPING OF GRAPHENE BY NITROGEN, BORON AND OTHER ELEMENTS Introduction Nitrogen-Doped Graphene Boron Doping BN Doping in Graphene Doping with Other Elements Properties and Applications LAYER-BY-LAYER ASSEMBLY OF GRAPHENE-BASED HYBRID MATERIALS Introduction LbL Graphene-Based Hybrid Films Graphene-Based Hybrids through the Langmuir?Blodgett Approach Conclusions Index