The fourth edition of Fundamental Neuroscience reinvents itself as an engrossing and comprehensive presentation of the discipline of neuroscience, from molecules to cognition. Thorough but succinct, and lavishly illustrated, the book builds from an introductory section that includes fundamental neuroanatomy and goes on to cover cellular and molecular neuroscience, development, sensory systems, motor systems, regulatory systems, and behavioral and cognitive neuroscience. The book has been retooled to better serve its audience in the neuroscience and medical communities.
The chapters include more than 100 boxes describing clinical conditions, techniques, and other special topics. Each chapter went through a thorough review process, giving the book an evenness of tone. The chapters are authored by outstanding working scientists who are experts on the topics they cover.
Section I: Neuroscience - Fundamentals of Neuroscience / Basic Plan of the Nervous System Section II: Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience - Cellular Components of Nervous Tissue / Subcellular Organization of the Nervous System: Organelles and Their Functions / Membrane Potential and Action Potential / Neurotransmitters / Release of Neurotransmitters / Neurotransmitter Receptors / Intracellular Signaling / Postsynaptic Potentials and Synaptic Integration / Information Processing in Dendrites / Brain Energy Metabolism Section III: Nervous System Development - Neural Induction and Pattern Formation / Cellular Determination / Neurogenesis and Migration / Growth Cones and Axon Pathfinding / Synapse Formation / Programmed Cell Death and Neurotrophic Factors / Synapse Elimination / Dendritic Development / Experience-dependent Plasticity Section IV: Sensory Systems - Fundamentals of Sensory Systems / Chemical Senses: Taste and Olfaction / The Somatosensory System / Audition / Vision Section V: Motor Systems - Fundamentals of Motor Systems / The Spinal and Peripheral Motor System / Descending Control of Movement / The Basal Ganglia / Cerebellum / Eye Movements Section VI: Regulatory Systems - The Hypothalamus: An Overview of Regulatory Systems / Central Control of Autonomic Functions: Organization of the Autonomic Nervous System / Neural Control of Breathing / Food Intake and Metabolism / Water Intake and Body Fluids / Neuroendocrine Systems / Circadian Timekeeping / Sleep, Dreaming, and Wakefulness / Reward, Motivation, and Addiction Section VII: Behavioral and Cognitive Neuroscience - Human Brain Evolution / Cognitive Development and Aging / Visual Perception of Objects / Spatial Cognition / Attention / Learning and Memory: Basic Mechanisms / Learning and Memory: Brain Systems / Language and Communication / The Prefrontal Cortex and Executive Brain Functions / Consciousness