This title looks at the complex role that media play in the rise and spread of fundamentalist movements within various religions traditions. The turn of the twenty-first century has seen an ever-increasing profile for religion, contrary to long-standing predictions of its decline. Instead, the West has experienced what some call a 'realignment' of religion where it persists in conjunction with other institutions and structures. Outside the West, religion is an ever more prominent force in social and political movements of both reform and retrenchment. Across these contexts, no issue in religion is of as much concern as fundamentalism - or rather the fundamentalisms within various traditions - which are seen to be fomenting religious, social, ethnic, and political tension and conflict. The contributions to this volume represent the first effort to look at 'fundamentalisms' and 'the media' together and address the resulting relations and interactions from critical perspectives of history, technology, geography, and practice. The result lays important groundwork for scholarship on these new and increasingly important phenomena.
Stewart M. Hoover is Professor of Media Studies at the University of Colorado at Boulder, where he directs the Center for Media, Religion and Culture. Nadia Kaneva is Assistant Professor in the Department of Mass Communications and Journalism Studies at the University of Denver.
Introduction; Stewart M. Hoover (University of Colorado - Boulder, USA) & Nadia Kaneva (University of Denver, USA); Part I: Histories; 1 What Can Peacebuilders Learn From Fundamentalists? R. Scott Appleby (University of Notre Dame, USA); 2 Are Free Expression and Fundamentalism Two Colliding Principles? Edward Michael Lenert (University of Nevada - Reno, USA); 3 A Historical Overview of American Christian Fundamentalism in the 20th Century - Susan Maurer (St. John's University, USA); Part II: Mediations; 4 Fundamentalism in Arab and Muslim Media - Leon Barkho (Jonkoping International Business School, Sweden); 5 Conservative Christian Spokespeople in Mainstream US News Media - Kirsten Isgro (Mount Holyoke College, USA); 6 Use of the Term 'Fundamentalist Christian' in Canadian National Television News - David Haskell (Wilfrid Laurier University, Canada); 7 The Vernacular Ideology of Christian Fundamentalism on the World Wide Web - Robert Glenn Howard (University of Wisconsin - Madison, USA); 8 Opus Dei and the Role of the Media in Constructing Fundamentalist Identity - Claire Hoertz Badaracco (Marquette University, USA); Part III: Locations; 9 African Traditional Religion, Pentecostalism and the Clash of Spiritualities in Ghana - J. Kwabena Asamoah-Gyadu (Trinity Theological Seminary, Ghana); 10 Discursive Construction of Shamanism and Christian Fundamentalism in Korean Popular Culture - Jin Kyu Park (Seoul Women's University, South Korea); 11 Christian Fundamentalism and the Media in India - Pradip N. Thomas (University of Queensland, Australia).