This volume is an encyclopedic introduction to movements of religious reaction in the twentieth century. The fourteen chapters are thematically linked by a common set of concerns: the social, political, cultural, and religious contexts in which these movements were born; the particular world-views, systems of thought, and beliefs that govern each movement; the ways in which leaders and group members make sense of and respond to the challenges of the modern, postcolonial era in world history. The contributors include sociologists, cultural anthropologists, and historians, some of whom have been participant-observers in the groups under consideration. As an analysis of the global resurgence of religion, Fundamentalisms Observed sheds new light on current religious movements and cultures from North America to the Far East.
The Fundamentalism Project: A User's GuideNorth American Protestant Fundamentalism Nancy Ammerman Roman Catholic Traditionalism and Activist Conservatism in the the United StatesWilliam D. Dinges and James Hitchcock Protestant Fundamentalism in Latin America Pablo Deiros Religious Fundamentalism and Religious Jews: The Case of the Haredim Samuel C. Heilman and Menachem Friedman Jewish Zionist Fundamentalism: The Bloc of the Faithful in Israel (Gush Emunim) Gideon Aran Fundamentalism in the Sunni Arab World: Egypt an the Sudan John O. Voll Activist Shi'ism in Iran, Iraq, and Lebanon Abdulaziz A. Sachedina Islamic Fundamentalism in South Asia: The Jamaat-i-Islami and the Tablighi Jamaat Mumtaz Ahmad Organized Hinduisms: From Vedic Truth to Hindu Nation Daniel Gold The Double-Edged Sword: Fundamentalism and the Sikh Religious Tradition T. N. Madan Fundamentalistic Movements in Theravada Buddhism Donald K. Swearer Islamic Resurgence in Malaysia and Indonesia Manning Nash The Search for Roots in Industrial East Asia: The Case of Confucian Revival Tu Wei-ming Fundamentalism in Japan: Religious and Political Winston Davis Conclusion: An Interim Report on a Hypothetical Family Martin E. Marty and R. Scott Appleby